Of the main islands in the Aegean Sea, two belong to Turkey – Bozcaada (Tenedos) and Gökçeada (Imbros); the rest belong to Greece. About 1,400 islands and islets adorn the Aegean Sea. On 30 October, Friday a magnitude of 6.9M earthquake struck about 14 km northeast of island Samos causing damages in both Samos and Izmir. The sea has an area of some 215,000 square kilometres. Tourism to the Aegean islands contributes a significant portion of tourism in Greece, especially since the second half of the 20th century. Ancient Towers of the Aegean Sea. The Aegean Sea extends from the Sea of Thrace to the Sea of Crete. Given all of its historic advancements in the fields of politics, art, philosophy, science, and mathematics, Greece and Greek culture is considered to have played a monumentally important role in terms of the shaping and development of Western civilization. Croatia, 8. The sea was known in Latin as Aegaeum mare under the control of the Roman Empire. The Macedonian Wars were a series of conflicts fought by the Roman Republic and its Greek allies in the eastern Mediterranean against several different major Greek kingdoms. The Italian war aim was to establish a Greek puppet state, which would permit the Italian annexation of the Sporades and the Cyclades islands in the Aegean Sea, to be administered as a part of the Italian Aegean Islands. 928x997 / 586 Kb Go to Map. Skip to main content. Popular Quizzes Today. Countries One Country Away From Aegean Sea. Morocco, 6. Before that time, at the peak of the last ice age (about 18,000 years ago) sea levels everywhere were 130 metres lower, and there were large well-watered coastal plains instead of much of the northern Aegean. Tunisia, 19. The Byzantines yet again recaptured the eastern coast of the Aegean. Turkey argues that Greece is claiming the Aegean Sea economically as purely Greek, even though Turkey has a greater length of coastline in the eastern Mediterranean. Zbornik Matice srpske za društvene nauke: (1961), Volumes 28–31, Administratively, the Greek Dodecanese also contains, Yagar, D., 1994. [21] Piraeus is also the commercial hub of Greek shipping. Just off the coastline of northeastern Crete the sea reaches a maximum depth … Aegean Sea location on the World Map Click to see large. The Etesian winds are a dominant weather influence in the Aegean Basin. The Venetians created the maritime state of the Duchy of the Archipelago, which included all the Cyclades except Mykonos and Tinos. The Byzantine Empire launched a campaign that took most of the island back in 842 and 843 under Theoktistos, but the reconquest was not completed and was soon reversed. One chain extends across the sea to Chios, another extends across Euboea to Samos, and a third extends across the Peloponnese and Crete to Rhodes, dividing the Aegean from the Mediterranean. Unfortunately, the “demilitarization of the Aegean Sea” is one of the most contentious disputes between the two countries. Countries on the Aegean Sea - Greece Travel Guide - Turkey Travel Guide. The larger islands have some fertile valleys and plains. Bode, i. p. 117 (Second Vatican Mythographer 125). Out of those islands, the largest island is Crete Island. "Medieval City of Rhodes". [40] As of 2015, the Blue Flag has been awarded to 395 beaches and 9 marinas in Greece. The Greek War of Independence allowed a Greek state on the coast of the Aegean from 1829 onward. (Unpubl.). Name all countries that have borders with Aegean Sea countries. [27] A total of five UNESCO World Heritage sites are located the Aegean Islands; these include the Monastery of Saint John the Theologian and the Cave of the Apocalypse on Patmos,[28] the Pythagoreion and Heraion of Samos in Samos,[29] the Nea Moni of Chios,[30] the island of Delos,[31] and the Medieval City of Rhodes. 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