A familiar rabbit species across much of eastern North America, the eastern cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus) has the long ears, large hind legs and feet, and short, fluffy tail which are characteristic of all rabbits and hares. Eastern Gray Squirrel. It is the most common rabbit species in North America. Eastern cottontail can survive up to 3 years in the wild. Sylvilagus floridanus. The eastern cottontail rabbit is one of the most common mammals of both the natural and the human generated ecosystems of North America. Cottontail rabbits are almost completely mute animals. Males may be sexually mature at only one month of age and females within their first year. The kits develop the same coloring afte… Eastern cottontail has large eyes, long ears, short front legs, long hind legs and large feet whose soles are covered with fur. Mother visits the nest each day to nurse the babies. Despite that, population of eastern cottontails is large and stable. The eastern cottontail Sylvilagus floridanus is a native American lagomorph. There is a rusty patch on the tail. The body is lighter color with a white underside on the tail. They are mainly recognized by dark gray or light brown in color. The tail is 2.5 – 7.6 cm long. (Almost) 360-degree vision Eastern cottontails have eyes that protrude a bit from their heads, giving them almost 360-degree vision. The cottontail is one of the most common small mammals in Minnesota. Eastern cottontail is small mammal that belongs to the family of rabbits. Cottontail can run at a speed of over 30km/h when it comes to its life. It is especially abundant in habitats that contain edges of open, grassy fields and thorny or shrubby cover. Studies show that cottontails consume as many as 145 different plants species. Eastern cottontail hides in dense thicket during the day. Eastern Cottontail Rabbit PHYSIOLOGY Several species of cottontails inhabit North America, but here in Eastern Ontario, the familiar “bunny rabbit” is the Eastern Cottontail. Its short, fluffy tail is also white, hence the name cottontail. Cottontail’s habitats include swamps, hedgerows, forests, farmland, glades, prairies, wooded thickets, deserts, and are open like grassy fields. The NE Cottontail seems to be less able to sense predators from far away than other rabbit … During mid-day cottontails search shelters especially those that provide them brush pile cover or thick clump of grass. Female just after giving is ready to mate. Young will become completely independent in about 28 – 35 days. Pools for Amphibians. This rabbit is seen throughout the state, especially in semi-open areas that have thick, low cover such as brush piles and hedges. They have long prominent ears that are set just above the head. Raccoon Facts: Anatomy, Diet, Habitat, Behavior, First Horse Starter Kit – Equipment That You Need to Ride, Common Health Issues With Horses To Know The Signs Of, Woolly Mammoth Facts – Woolly Mammoth Habitat and Diet – Woolly Mammoth Extinction, Endangered Animals Facts | Top 7 Critically Endangered Animals. Eastern cottontail has brown, reddish-brown or grey backs and white belly. Pregnancy in female lasts 25 to 35 days and ends with 3 to 8 babies (usually 7). Whatsoever, the major predator of Cottontails life is the golden eagle, however, unlike its name it would not be gold for cottontails but metal for sure!. The eastern cottontail pair is known to produce as many as 350,000 babies in a period of just 5 years. They spend daylight hours in shades. Eastern cottontails average 800 to 2,000 g (1.8 to 4.4 lb) in weight. Eastern Cottontail Rabbit. The average sizes and weights of the three rabbit and hare species of New York are presented in Table 1. 2. Its appearance differs from that of a hare in that it has a brownish-gray coloring around the head and neck. Pair of eastern cottontails can produce 350.000 descendents in 5 years, but only 15% of babies will manage to survive until the age of one year. Eastern cottontail can reach the speed of 18 miles per hour and move in a zigzag manner to escape from the predators. Eastern cottontails are likely to survive in habitats that provide shrubby cover and thorny cover. Endangered Species. These rabbits are widespread across the Americas, and many species are incredibly common. Their dense coat is a greyish-brown with black-tipped guard hairs. They inhabit mostly mountainous regions, coniferous and mixed oak forests. : The most, new, latest, shocking, weird, scary, funny, fascinating, interesting and amazing things | facts in the world. Cottontail’s ears average 4.9 – … The marsh rabbit can swim well and is found only where water is present, like the marshes and swamps off the coasts in the Eastern and Southern regions of America. Eastern cottontail is a herbivore (plant-eater). Low Cost Habitat Improvements. The eastern cottontail rabbit has a compact body with long hind legs, long ears, large brown eyes, and a short tail. During summer cottontails eat clover, weeds, and grasses. On average they can litter for 3-4 times in a year, with 3-9 young ones. Eastern cottontail prefers open spaces. This rabbit undergoes two molts per year. Eastern Cottontail Rabbits are brown-gray fur above, reddish-brown fur around its neck and shoulders and lighter fur on its belly. The upper body parts are typically reddish-brown, lower parts are white, and it often has a white spot on the forehead. There are around 35 subspecies of eastern cottontails that can be found in the eastern parts of North, Central and South America. Another interesting fact is that cottontail rabbits tend to have a quite small home range. Cottontail rabbits cannot be tamed. The Eastern cottontail is the most common rabbit species in North America. Their occurrence is distributed across America, from the dry and desert regions of Arizona, Texas and New Mexico to the Hudson River area and New England. Bark, twigs and buds are the only source of food during the winter. Mourning Dove. It makes home in open grassy habitats including shrubby cover. Ruffed Grouse. The Eastern Cottontail is the most common species of Cottontail Rabbits. The second is small and hard and is only waste, having had all the nutrients extracted from it. Eastern Cottontail Rabbit Facts. Adult cottontail averages 35.5 – 48.5 cm in the overall length. Females are slightly larger than males. These rabbits are able to begin breeding at 2 to 3 months old. Social Structure – Many species of cottontails are social in nature, and prefer living in large groups. 3. Eastern cottontail has brown, reddish-brown or grey backs and white belly. They mate three to four times per year. Managing Edges for Wildlife. As you may already know, rabbits are birthing machines. Anatomy . NE Cottontails are the only cottontail rabbit native to New England. The more common Eastern Cottontail was brought to New England to be hunted. Eastern Cottontail breeding season is from about January through June, with most young born in May and June. 2. Cottontail rabbits are among the 20 lagomorph species in the genus Sylvilagus, found in the Americas. In winter the cottontail's pelageis more gray than brown. First type is soft and green due to high content of undigested plants. They remain active all year-round. The eastern cottontail is found throughout the United States, northernmost South America, to as far as southern Canada. Eastern cottontail rabbit (Sylvilagus floridanus) Category: Mammals The Eastern cottontail is one of the most common and widespread species of rabbit in North America. Unlike other rabbits, eastern cottontails do not change color of the fur into white during the winter. The eastern cottontail rabbit doesn't dig its own burrows like some other rabbit species do, so they will either find an empty burrow from another animal to crawl into or they will look for woody vegetation to huddle under during cold weather. The mean weight is 2 – 3 pounds. Interesting Eastern cottontail Facts: Eastern cottontail can reach 15.5 to 18.75 inches in length and 28 to 54 ounces of weight. Main predators of eastern cottontails are snakes, owls, hawks, cats, foxes, weasels and coyotes. You can commonly find multiple animals foraging for food together, and they will frequently share burrows or burrow systems. There is a rusty patch on the tail. However, they have a blind spot directly in front of them that is about 10 degrees wide. There are some few fun facts we have found of this cottontail rabbit. Eastern cottontails usually breed from February until September. Members of the genus Sylvilagus, cottontails have large ears and short legs and move with a scurrying or scampering gait. In the cold days of winter they consume woody material including buds of trees, barks, shrubs, twigs, sedge fruits, rush seeds, and stems. She gives birth to 7 babies at one time. Body ends with small, fluffy tail, which resembles a cotton ball, hence the name - cottontail. They prefer to live in meadows and shrubby areas with abundant green grasses and herbs. The cottontail is slight of build compared to the snowshoe hare. Eastern Cottontail Facts. The fur around the nose, and underside of the tail and belly, is white. In America, 13 sub-species of the cottontail exist. Eastern cottontail can be active at dusk and dawn (crepuscular) or during the night (nocturnal). Eastern cottontails are typically aggressive species but they will avoid fight inasmuch as possible. The first is soft and green in colour and is re-ingested (eaten) so that the rabbit can digest it more thoroughly, ensuring they get all possible nutrients. High mortality is a limiting factor for the growth of population. Read complete article related to Pygmy rabbit facts here. Adult females have a home range of about 0.2 to 16.2 hectares (0.5 to 40 acres) while adult males have got 3 hectares (6.9 acres) of territory. However, they have been known for screaming and screeching quite loudly if caught by a predator. A professional writer and a passionate wildlife enthusiast, who is mostly found hooked to his laptop or in libraries researching about the wildlife. However young rabbits may visit the nest again in the next few days. Hummingbirds and Butterflies. Eastern cottontails were brought to New England from the Midwest. Eastern cottontail rabbits occupy the shrubby areas of south-central United States, eastern Mexico, southern Canada, northernmost South America, eastern United States, and Central America. Snags and Downed Logs. Mating and births occur a little later in the north and earlier in southern climates. Predators of cottontail include hawks, cats, snakes. Its underside fur is white. Females tend to be a bit larger than the males. New England Cottontails are primarily forest creatures and depend on areas of thick shrubs to hide. With twenty different species to choose from, there is so much you can learn about these mammals! The maximum lifespan is 5 years in the wild. It can be found in bushy areas, fields, woodlands, swamps and thickets. They also occur in the Midwest North America. The winter diet includes small grains, as well as twigs, bark, and buds of shrubs and trees. Other Predators include Foxes, weasels, and bull snakes. Eastern cottontail’s diet consists of crabgrasses, Canada bluegrass, ragweed, quackgrass, dandelion, wild strawberries, clover, wild rye, redtop, plantains, alfalfa, and timothy. Young eastern cottontails develop quickly. Eastern cottontails are popular game animals. Its underside fur is white. The exact time of breeding depends on the temperature, food, and light. The Eastern Cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus) is a member of the family Leporidae. Cottontail rabbits can run up to 18 miles per hour for a half mile, and they run in a zig-zag pattern to confuse predators. Owls. They begin independent life at the age or 4 to 5 weeks and start to breed at the age of 2 to 3 months. They are known to live on the edges of more open fields and grasslands as well as yards. Eastern cottontail produces two types of feces. The eastern cottontail’s front legs are shorter than its hind legs, and the soles of its feet are covered in fur. Within the genus Sylvilagus, the eastern cottontail is the species with the widest distribution. The mortality rate is almost zero. Females are slightly larger than males. The eastern cottontail is the most familiar rabbit in Virginia and easily recognized by most Virginians. Eastern cottontail is solitary animal that occupies territory of 5 to 8 acres. It is chunky, red-brown, or gray-brown in appearance, with large hind feet, long ears, and a short, fluffy white tail. Feeding in a group also keeps these animals safer from predators. Cottontails have an impressive courtship display: A male chases a female until she turns and faces him, after which she stands up on her hind legs and punches him in th… During the summer months, cottontails primarily eat grasses, legumes, succulent annuals, weeds, as well as the occasional garden vegetable. They will leave the nest when they become 14 days old. Its close cousin, the swamp rabbit, is also water… They have got fine layer of fur on their bodies. The female builds nest in a hole and gives it a cover using leaves and grasses. In the U.S., it is found in most of the Eastern U.S. and in parts of New Mexico and Arizona. They also live in areas with dense vegetation such as blueberry, mountain laurel, blackberry vines and cane. The genus is widely distributed across North America, Central America and northern and … Eastern cottontails can run as fast as 29 km/h (18 mph). Young rabbits open their eyes 4 – 5 days after birth. Most cottontails live up to 2 years in the wild. Cottontails move only short distances. Managing Beaver Ponds. cottontail rabbit, animal of the order Lagomorpha, which includes the hares and rabbits, except for the domestic, or European, rabbit [1], which is in a separate species. Eastern cottontail can reach 15.5 to 18.75 inches in length and 28 to 54 ounces of weight. It earns its name because of its fluffy short tail. It has also been introduced in New England, British Colombia, and Oregon. From 1950s, the species was introduced to several European countries. During winters, the fur color changes to a grayish shade. Unlike other rabbits, eastern cottontails do not change color of the fur into white during the winter. The eastern cottontail shows the white underside of its short tail when it is running. Cottontail rabbits eat a wide variety of plant foods including grasses, sedges, sprouts, leaves, fruits, buds, and bark. Raccoon. Habitat The eastern cottontail prefers habitats that are between woody areas and open land. Males are known to mate with multiple females. They are mainly recognized by dark gray or light brown in color. Eastern Cottontail. Recreational hunters kill millions of eastern cottontails each year. Eastern cottontail swallows it again to digest it more thoroughly and to extract remaining nutrients. It is 12 cm (4.71 in) deep. Depending on the location and habitat, the mating season varies but it usually takes place in January and September. The eastern cottontail is chunky, red-brown or gray-brown in appearance, with large hind feet, long ears, and a short, fluffy white tail. Note that the New England cottontail averages just slightly smaller than the eastern cottontail… They are mostly active at sunrise and sunset. They seem to like stems or branches that are 0.64 cm (0.25 in) long. 1. Mating season of eastern cottontails lasts from January to September. As such, each species has a slightly different habitat and climatic conditions to adapt to. The nests are 18 cm (7.09 in) long with the width averaging 12 cm (4.9 in). Adult cottontail averages 35.5 – 48.5 cm in the overall length. Sometimes they dig underground burrows not only to avoid predators but also to thwart harsh winter weather. It eats grass and herbs in the wild, and lettuce and pea in the gardens. The mean weight is 2 – 3 pounds. 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