Niger–Congo or perhaps Atlantic–Congo languages (Bantu and non-Bantu, the inclusion of Mande and a few other groups is disputed) are spoken in West, Central, Southeast and Southern Africa. Because the English spoken in South Africa is derived from the British Settlers who immigrated to the country en mass in the 1820s, schools teach the language based on the British grammatical system. South Africa’s population diversity means all 11 languages have had a profound effect on each other. Because it is the second language of the vast majority of South Africans, it is also the language most widely understood. Each province uses English, Afrikaans and the most predominant African language in their province for official documents. “A Dictionary of English Usage in Southern Africa” by D.R. The Irish example I hope will apply to the future of South Africa and that local languages (Afrikaans included) will still be robust in keeping culture and traditions alive. The South African language is similar to the English language, a cosmopolitan, hybrid language, with lexis being drawn from many other languages and cultures. We guarantee all our work to meet international publishing standards. We are language speciliasts in Afrikaans, Xhosa, Swahili, Zulu, Portguese, Setswana, French, Arabic, Sesotho and more. If you would like to post a comment and need instructions click here. However, commercial interests and cultural ties (including family) between Ireland, Britain and the United States meant that Gaelic really was a non-starter. Our site can help you both as a translator and a dictionary for the whole text. *This is already happening of course. Prior to 1994, South Africa had only two official languages, English and Afrikaans. (Image: Brand South Africa) South Africa is a multilingual country. 4) isiXhosa. Figure 1: Home languages of South Africa's citizens. However, as a spoken language, English has taken on several peculiarities as it has become mixed with a variety of accents and words taken from other languages. Mother tongues range from Afrikaans to IsiZulu, from isiXhosa to Setswana, however to stop us being a modern Tower of Babel we largely use one language to communicate between each other and that is English. In doing so we are reflecting a world wide trend. English is the lingua franca of South Africa. Has anyone come across my great grandfather's vintage postcards from the Boer War? At the formation of the Union of South Africa, on the 31st May 1910, exactly eight years after the Boer War had ended, English and Dutch were accorded equal status as official languages. All you need to do is copy and paste the desired text. Officially there are 11 languages feeding into South African [1] from Dutch Afrikaans to English, providing dialectal words such as the Afrikaaner word "Braai" for … It originally came to South Africa from British colonizers in 1795. It is spoken by 372 million native and about a billion non-native speakers. African languages and phonological theory Larry M. Hyman University of California, Berkeley 1. We South Africans live in a polyglot society, which under our Constitution, has 11 official languages that “must enjoy parity of esteem and must be treated equitably”. When you include people who learn it as a second language, the number of English speakers jumps to 130 million. Although Afrikaans is very similar to Dutch, it is clearly a separate language, differing from Standard Dutch in its sound system and its loss of case and gender distinctions. Top Courses in English in South Africa 2021 Additionally, it can also translate English into over 100 other languages Decided to travel the world? The English language as used in the Republic of South Africa, the first language of c. 10% (about 2.7m) of the total population of the RSA. South African has 11 official languages: 1) English. Mother tongue of only 9.6% of the South African … South Africa - South Africa - Languages: The Black African population is heterogeneous, falling mainly into four linguistic categories. 021-872 3441) in Paarl (a town in the … South African English is riddled with many 'South Africanisms' drawn from 11 official languages. We honestly hope that our automatic translator will help and simplify English - African translation of texts. No African language was considered worthy by those who had come together at the National Convention (1908-1909) to “horse trade” for the future of South Africa. English is only one of South Africa’s official languages, and it’s spoken by only about 20% of the Western Cape population. What were conditions like on the Gold Mines circa 1940? African-American English (AAE), also known as Black English in American linguistics, is the set of English sociolects primarily spoken by most black people in the United States and many in Canada; most commonly, it refers to a dialect continuum ranging from African-American Vernacular English to a more standard English. How is it then that a European colonial language has managed to become so influential? Some 76% of coloured people speak Afrikaans, and 86% of Indian South Africans speak English. Mother tongues range from Afrikaans to IsiZulu, from isiXhosa to Setswana, however to stop us being a modern Tower of Babel we largely use one language to communicate between each other and that is English. When he spoke from the balcony of the Cape Town City Hall, he spoke in English, so that the world would hear his message “Apartheid has no future”. 5) Sesotho. South Africa’s population diversity means all 11 languages have had a profound effect on each other. The end of the Napoleonic Wars came when the Duke of Wellington defeated Napoleon Bonaparte at the Battle of Waterloo on the 18th June 1815. You need an online translator for translating English into African. English. English - African translator . Then it happened, the hubris that the Afrikaner leadership deluded itself with, brought about rioting in June of 1976. The South African language is similar to the English language, a cosmopolitan, hybrid language, with lexis being drawn from many other languages and cultures. South African Languages in a Nutshell. • English: the language is spoken and understood in all South African provinces by most of the people as English is taught in most schools and a prerequisite for taking the high school final exams. English in Southern Africa n The English language was first brought to South Africa at the end of the 18th century. The languages of Africa are divided into several major language families: . The South African constitution states that all eleven official languages must ‘enjoy parity of esteem and must be treated equitably’. Comments will load below. However, South Africa is also an English-language hub: some 5 million South Africans speak English natively, and another 11 million speak it as a second language. 1820 Settlers Monument - Heritage Portal - 2016.jpg, British occupation of Johannesburg blue plaque - Heritage Portal - 2012.JPG, Cape Town City Hall - Heritage Portal - December 2014 - 1.jpg, Caring for the Dead at Modder River and Magersfontein, A Reflection on Female Photographers active in South Africa prior to 1915, Surviving sites from the 1922 Rand Revolt, A short history of the metrication movement in South Africa, The Weber Family at Driefontein Farm Sandton, Marc Latilla is a Joburg enthusiast – Then and Now, The 'Smoking Concert' prior to the Battle of Elandslaagte, Memorial to President John F Kennedy in Sandton, Origins and Architecture of the William Cullen Library at Wits, Special edition of the Journal of the Border Historical Society - December 2020. “History of the English Speaking Peoples” by Winston S. Churchill, Cassell. The outcome of the war was a British victory at the cost of many lives lost and a lasting resentment by those who had been defeated, which would create the spectre of Afrikaner Nationalism. Click here for details on how to contribute. Many photos are submitted by heritage enthusiasts across the country. Let us know what is happening in your town or city. South Africa’s Constitution recognises 11 official languages: Sepedi (also known as Sesotho sa Leboa), Sesotho, Setswana, siSwati, Tshivenda, Xitsonga, Afrikaans, English, isiNdebele, isiXhosa and isiZulu.. For centuries South Africa’s official languages were European – Dutch, English, Afrikaans. Please do not use these photos without permission from the copyright holder. Black South African English, or BSAE, is spoken by individuals whose first language is an indigenous African tongue. English has been spoken in South Africa for over 200 years, at least since the British seized the […] Working as an English teacher in the township of Imizamo Yethu was not without … The country had strong anti-English sentiments and on gaining its independence from Britain in 1922 (as the Irish Free State) sought Gaelic (Irish) as being the official language to set it apart from its former masters. In 21st century South Africa, English is used in many walks of life, in media and advertising, in education, law, commerce and government. English is the language of the big city especially Johannesburg, South Africa’s financial capital. Although should one drive 50 miles (80 km) in any direction out of “Egoli”, you are more likely to hear Afrikaans or an African language being spoken. The Colony of the Cape of Good Hope was seen as a suitable destination for those wishing to start a new life as the climate was not too dissimilar to that of the British Isles. As a first language it is mainly confined to the cities. During the struggle against Apartheid, South Africa’s Black majority, made up of many language groups, needed a unifying force to rally around and the English language was seen as the ideal instrument to spread the word (internationally) of the injustices that they incurred. The people who had the adventurous spirit were the Trek Boers, born of Africa of Dutch descent and even before British annexation they had fanned out to establish farms and settlements in the Overberg to the east of Cape Town and as far afield as Graaff-Reinet and Uitenhage. South African English, for example, is littered with words and phrases from Afrikaans, Zulu, Nama and other African languages. Mother tongue of only 9.6% of the South African people. And so it was that in 1820 the first settlers arrived in Algoa Bay to farm what is now called the Eastern Cape. You would definitely need the ability to communicate in foreign languages to understand the mind and context of that other culture. Most choose English or Afrikaans and not the African language spoken in the area.  The case of the Republic of Ireland (Eire) may be illuminating for us. Does anyone have information of the Rondi ice-cream factory in Johannesburg? South African English also borrows words from Afrikaans and native African tongues, making for an interesting and varied vocabulary. SOUTH AFRICAN ENGLISH Short forms SAfrE, SAE. English is the lingua franca of South Africa. On 11th February 1990 Nelson Mandela walked out, a free man, from the Victor Verster Prison in Paarl, 27 years 6 months and 6 days after his capture near Howick Natal. Sixty percent of white people speak Afrikaans, and 30% speak English. The language which is a mix of Dutch, English, Malay, Portuguese, German and African words has only developed about 300 years ago and was only recognised as an official language 90 years ago! In a diverse country with 11 official languages, English acts as an important lingua franca in commerce both within the country as well as in international contacts. If for any reason none appear click here for some troubleshooting tips. The largest is the Nguni, including various peoples who speak Swati (primarily the Swazi peoples) as well as those who speak languages that take their names from the peoples by whom they … Almost 10% of South Africans speak English as their first language especially in the provinces of Western Cape, Gauteng, and KwaZulu-Natal. The land was not unoccupied as the pastoral Xhosa tribe (Nguni speaking) were already well established and for many years to come there would be outbreaks of war between the British and Xhosa (the Border Wars) over the right to land. Cape Town City Hall (The Heritage Portal). English has retained this official status ever since. Ag. Afrikaans and English are the only Indo-European languages among the many official languages of South Africa. Need an African Translator? We South Africans live in a polyglot society, which under our Constitution, has 11 official languages that “must enjoy parity of esteem and must be treated equitably”. by Penny Silva, managing editor of A Dictionary of South African English on Historical Principles (1996) and a revision editor at the Oxford English Dictionary.. Introduction. Here and there are words imported from British, Portuguese and Dutch colonies, such as India, Mozambique, Malaysia and Indonesia. We taught English to students at a public primary school outside of Cape Town, South Africa, for four weeks. Because of its size, Africa and its 54 countries are incredibly diverse – linguists estimate that nearly 2,000 native languages are spoken in Africa, along with more global languages like English and French. Because the English spoken in South Africa is derived from the British Settlers who immigrated to the country en mass in the 1820s, schools teach the language based on the British grammatical system. Officially there are 11 languages feeding into South African [1] from Dutch Afrikaans to English, providing dialectal words such as the Afrikaaner word "Braai" for barbeque. The problems of language are everywhere linked with… Learn English in Cape Town, surf, hike, or cycle after your lessons and use your new language skills to explore the culinary scene that Cape Town is famous for. This action set the tone of relations between the two European colonisers which would end in all out war to determine who would control South Africa – The Boer War 1899-1902. At the time of the Second Occupation, the British had no real policy on the matter of exploring and developing the hinterland and for many years Cape Town remained the “Tavern of the Seas”, merely a port of call between Europe and the East. 11) Xitsonga And due to that diversity, many Africans are at least bilingual, if not trilingual. It’s worth noting first and foremost that South African English is only one of the languages spoken in South Africa and it’s far from being the most common language spoken in the country. New English Lecturer jobs added daily. On the formation of the Union of South Africa in 1910, which united the former Boer republics of the Transvaal and Orange Free State with the Cape and Natal colonies, English was made the official language together with Dutch (which was replaced by Afrikaans in 1925). It has also become one of the essential languages for global trade. In case you need an absolutely correct and precise However, despite the fact that South Africa has 11 official languages, in practice, English and Afrikaans, the languages of the two white minorities in the country, still serve as the only effective official languages. Other articles where African English is discussed: English language: African English: Africa is one of the world’s most multilingual areas, if people are measured against languages. “Living in South Africa” by Regina Graff & Derryn Cambell, Elliott Mobility. Transvaal)  - and it would be the powder keg which would ignite the Boer War, a war that so easily could have been avoided, but for intransigence on both sides. New series of articles about the people of the Knysna Forests, Invitation to comment on the nomination of the 'Circle of Tombs' as National Heritage Sites, Update on the Proposed Cellular Tower in De Rust, Brass Plaque reveals a history of a distinguished man and his architectural firm. Have you heard about South Africa? No, not the south of Africa, South Africa, a country located at the very southern tip of the continent. South Africa: The Language-rich Country with Way More Than Just English. This means that one has the best of both worlds, your home language tells you where you come from and English tells you where it is possible to go. Upon a large number of indigenous languages rests a slowly changing superstructure of world languages (Arabic, English, French, and Portuguese). Namibia, Kenya, Sierra Leone, Liberia, South Africa, and Nigeria. This list contains details of language schools, international schools and other institutions offering English language courses in South Africa. Nearly 30% of black South Africans speak isiZulu as a first language, and 20% isiXhosa. The English language in South Africa (SAE) dates from the arrival of the British at the Cape of Good Hope in 1795. Afrikaans - English Microsoft Terminology New October 2014 Online searchable version of Microsoft's Afrikaans - English terminology (site not affiliated with Microsoft), published using tlTerm. Afrikaans and English are the most popular foreign languages spoken in South Africa. In my view, the most practical way forward in a globalised world is for all South Africans to speak at least two languages:  their mother tongue and English*. 6) Northern Sotho (Sepedi) 7) Setswana. South African English. African languages are then only taught as subjects and are rarely used as a medium of instruction. English courses tend to focus on the study of English literacy, comprehension and analysis, and often concentrate on developing essential speech and communication skills for ESL speakers to increase proficiency and comfort with the English language. • English: the language is spoken and understood in all South African provinces by most of the people as English is taught in most schools and a prerequisite for taking the high school final exams. “South Africa’s languages - Tongues under threat - English is dangerously dominant” from The Economist 20th January 2011. “South African English: Oppressor or Liberator?” Penny Silva, Papers from MAVEN 97. “The Story of English” by Robert McCrum, William Cran & Robert Mac Neil, BBC. Many South Africans mix and match the languages together, which leads to South Africa having a very unique local language. English Editing Services We specialise in editing documents written by skilled second-language speakers that need the finishing touches only a qualified first-language editor can provide. South Africa - South Africa - Languages: The Black African population is heterogeneous, falling mainly into four linguistic categories. Choose a language from which you wish to translate a text and the translation target language and type in (paste) the text. Despite this, it is still a rich source of inspiration for music, poetry and artistic thought and enriches English by association. 8) Tshivenda. As was the case in most British colonies, English … South African English also borrows from African languages such as isiZulu, isiXhosa, Sesotho and Setswana, and the indigenous languages of the Khoesan and Nama people. English. They left in 1803 as part of the terms of the Treaty of Amiens, but in January 1806 they returned for good, after what was a brief interlude when the Batavian Republic (a French aligned administration) held the Cape. The languages in South Africa are just as important as any other factor in understanding the essence of the country itself. Visit a nature reserve and see giraffes, elephants, lions, and cheetah … English is the primary language of Nigeria and Ghana, but the language is spoken as a lingua franca in both states. Children grow up speaking at least three languages in South Africa. Largest English-Speaking Nations in Africa But with slang, accents and history in the mix, it’s not always easy to understand or be understood when speaking English in Africa. In today’s world English has become the “Lingua Franca” replacing French as the language of diplomacy and German in the field of science. Although taught in schools, its relevance to modern everyday life in Ireland is no longer evident. Zulu is called isiZulu, Xhosa language is called isiXhosa… The lid on the pressure cooker of resentment finally blew off over the dictate that Afrikaans would be, in future, the medium of instruction in township schools (replacing English). According to the 2001 Census (Statistics South Africa, 2001:5), English is the home language of only 8,2% of South Africans. It spread northwards during the 19th century with the colonial exploration of present-day Zimbabwe and Zambia (former Southern and Northern Rhodesia respectively), especially by David Livingstone. ; Afroasiatic languages are spread throughout Western Asia, North Africa, the Horn of Africa … The language which is a mix of Dutch, English, Malay, Portuguese, German and African words has only developed about 300 years ago and was only recognised as an official language 90 years ago! Niger–Congo or perhaps Atlantic–Congo languages (Bantu and non-Bantu, the inclusion of Mande and a few other groups is disputed) are spoken in West, Central, Southeast and Southern Africa. Leverage your professional network, and get hired. 10) isiNdebele. English is the language of the big city especially Johannesburg, South Africa’s financial capital. Only around 6.5M million Africans speak English as a native language. It originally came to South … Equity refers to fairness and impartiality, and the English Academy of South Africa has a very valid point that this is not the same as calling for equal use (Venter Handout p. 1). Although Dutch (and later Afrikaans) were given parity, in reality English remained the language of power and influence mainly due to the fact that South Africa was part of the British Empire (Pax Brittanica). Today’s top 198 English Lecturer jobs in South Africa. About two-thirds of this 10% are white, and most of the rest Indian or ‘Coloured’ (mixed African and European descent). I would also encourage those whose mother tongue is English to learn a local language. Beeton& Helen Dorner. Health Care workers who died from Spanish Flu, Highlights from the Durban Art Deco Society's 2020 AGM, Watch Ron Gold's 'The Rise and Fall of the Zulu Nation as a Military Power', Finding the grave of Nat Nakasa in New York. Learn English in South Africa, and you'll perfect your language skills while living in one of the world's most dynamic countries. The rioting and the government crackdown that followed will not be elaborated upon suffice to say it was a turning point in South Africa's history and it mortally wounded the Afrikaner hegemony that would eventually expire in 1994. To answer this question a look at South African history from the beginning of the 19th century is needed. Here are the slang words you have to know. South Africa’s “Mother City” is incredibly diverse, with old and new cultures coming together to make something unique and spectacular. Most people in the urban areas understand and can speak basic English so, if your English is OK, it is not totally essential to learn any of these languages to get by as a tourist. (Image: Brand South Africa) South Africa is a multilingual country. At least thirty-five languages indigenous to South Africa are spoken in the Republic, ten of which are official languages of South Africa: Ndebele, Pedi, Sotho, Swati, Tsonga, Tswana, Venḓa, Xhosa, Zulu and Afrikaans.The eleventh official language is English, which is the primary language used in parliamentary and state discourse, though all official languages … Learn to understand the locals with our comprehensive guide to Mzanzi taal. Located on the southern tip of the African continent, South Africa features an abundance of biodiversity and stunning landscapes. The rise of Afrikaner Nationalism which heralded the Apartheid era (1948 to 1994) pushed the Afrikaans language to the head of the table. Most choose English or Afrikaans and not the African language spoken in the area. Blue plaque in Gandhi Square near the spot where the Boers surrendered Johannesburg to the British during the South African War (The Heritage Portal). By 1837 these Trek Boers could no longer stomach British rule and hitched their ox wagons leaving the Cape Colony for good on what is now known as the Great Trek. Introduction I’ve been asked to write about the mutual influence of African languages and phonological theory, specifically addressing two questions: What and how have African language contributed to phonological theory? On 31st May 1961, exactly 51 years after Union, South Africa was declared a republic and left the British Commonwealth – a long held dream for Afrikaner hegemony. African languages, spoken by at least 80% of the people, were ignored. 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