Common snakeheads fish curry is a delicacy in Kerala and are in great demand in the domestic market. The newly-discovered Gollum snakehead fish from Kerala may have lived alongside dinosaurs Scientists have found that the species, which possibly evolved at … “The presence of two unique endemic families of freshwater fishes in Kerala is unparalleled, and indicates the exceptional diversity and endemicity of fishes in this part of the world.”, ‘Annihilation through politeness’: Why Rahul Gandhi’s TV interview with Arnab Goswami went belly-up, The Indian judiciary didn’t suddenly decline in the Modi years – it was always broken, Supreme Court agrees to examine if it can decide on Emergency’s constitutional validity. This takes us back to an era when only two supercontinents existed in the world. “It’s my cameraman’s number that I have given on my Facebook page. Here is a simple gravy recipe of this fish without adding coconut to it. They used a nano-CT scanner to take 3D photographs of its skeleton and internal organs and compared these with the features of 14 other closely-related species (including snakehead and ray-finned fishes). The fish, for instance, does not sport long canine teeth nor a suprabranchial chamber as channids usually do. Kerala has the largest number of these vloggers, followed by Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Goa and Maharashtra. This, along with the care they shower on their babies (such as fiercely guarding their floating eggs and mouthbrooding), has made them a very successful group. Mysterious snakehead fish from Kerala found. Snakehead Gollum fish was discovered in Kerala and named after the famous character from The Lord of the Rings. It tastes awesome with rice and idlis. This new family is also ancient. An estimated six million wells draw from this underground reserve, Britz says. Astonishingly, the Gollum snakehead differed in five of the six main features that define channids. The Gollum snakehead warranted its very own snakehead family, Aenigmachannidae. The dishes that use striped snakehead this are eaten with rice are very popular in Bangladesh and West Bengal. There, late at night, they found Gollum snakeheads surfacing into a flooded rice paddy. The fish varieties generally featured in the vlogs are grouper, red snapper, rohu, catla, king fish, mangrove jack, barracuda, barramundi, sting ray, different varieties of snakehead, among others. By plotting all these morphological differences (and similarities) between the 15 fish species, the team concluded that the Gollum snakehead – whose many features are far more “primitive” than other snakeheads – must have split from other snakeheads long before the Asian and African species that we see today came into being. 2020 National Geographic Partners, LLC. Named after the creature ‘Gollum’ from the epic fantasy novel The Lord of The Rings, authored by J.R.R. Dragon Snakeheads is a fish, which belongs to family of eel-like fish. Chennai-native Om Prakash, of ‘Om is fishing’, who works with a BPO in Bengaluru, specialises in Malabar snakehead (vaaha), a “vulnerable species in the IUCN Red List”, found only in Kerala. Why such living fossils survive without diversifying much remains a mystery. The northern snakehead can grow up to … The name red or redline snakehead is commonly applied to juveniles of this species in the aquarium fish trade. Its swim bladder – an internal gas-filled organ that helps bony fish stay afloat in water – is far shorter too. Britz says it’s unclear why the species have these traits, but suggests it may be because they are not exclusively subterranean. Unlike many fish, they … This air-breathing trick has enabled one species, the northern snakehead, to spread far and become an invasive nuisance in North America and elsewhere. Dragon snakeheads—strange new underground fish—discovered in India, https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/2020/10/new-fish-family-dragon-snakeheads-found-india.html, researcher found a second species in that genus as well, Related: World’s largest cavefish discovered in India. Almost nothing is known of the origin of these species or their ecology.”, The recognition of Aenigmachannidae as a new family of bony fishes comes six years after the description of Kryptoglanidae, another unique family of freshwater fish endemic to Kerala, said Raghavan. Who is Ragini Tiwari whose video threatening protesting farmers has gone viral? “In a sense, it is the platypus of the snakehead world. Yet when intense volcanic activity may have killed even the mighty dinosaurs over the millions of years that followed, how did tiny Aenigmachannas survive? Now, scientists have found that it is genetically distinct from other snakehead fish worldwide and sports so many unique features that it warrants its very own family, Aenigmachannidae. The saga began in early 2018, when researcher Rajeev Raghavan, a study co-author and fish researcher at Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies, spotted a post on Indian social media from a person who found and photographed an odd fish retrieved from their backyard well. The genus Channa is native to Asia and the genus Parachanna to Africa. Rainbow snakehead (Channa bleheri) Britz says the family’s common name is fitting because “everyone who sees a photo of the fish is somehow reminded of a dragon.”. While that is very exciting (it is uncommon to find a whole new family of fish), what is intriguing is the ancient story this new family tells. The area where the fish live, the Western Ghats of southern India, is a biodiversity hot spot. It is possibly highly restricted in distribution. Taxonomic families are often large and diverse; For example, the human family, Hominidae, includes chimpanzees, orangutans, and gorillas. With its long, scaly body and delicate, veil-like fins, the Gollum snakehead captured quite some attention when discovered last year in south India. The Gollum snakehead could well be a living fossil. A computer-rendered image of the skeleton of the Gollum snakehead. The unusual finding was reported in a scientific paper published in international animal taxonomy journal Zootaxa on Thursday. At 109 million years ago, the Indian plate had already broken away from Gondwana and begun drifting north towards Eurasia. In all, scientists have discovered 10 species of subterranean fish in the aquifers there that provide water for millions of people. How a researcher found a snow trout near the Thar desert – and why it’s vital to study it further, Watch: Humpback whale spotted in New York’s Hudson River in the USA, Watch: Delhi Police adds yet another layer of barricades on state borders to keep farmers out, Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies. MANGALURU: A group of Indian and British scientists have found a mysterious new species of ‘snakehead fish’ lurking in the subterranean waters of Kerala. Get latest info on Fish Seeds, suppliers, manufacturers, wholesalers, traders, wholesale suppliers with Fish … – Sea Fish Found in India. These unique traits include a shortened swim bladder and fewer vertebrae with ribs, features that show the dragon snakeheads are less specialized than regular snakeheads. These primitive fish are a type of “living fossil” and may have diverged from their nearest relatives more than a hundred million years ago. Recently, a new study conducted by scientists in Kerala found that the Snakehead Gollum is different from the rest of its fellow Snakehead fish. Upper image ... (Kalimantan). These primitive fish … To put this in perspective: only after the Indian plate collided with Eurasia around 55 million years later were the Himalayas formed. This kind of fish prefers to live in deep into the sea. After all, scientists discovered it only last year. Could the Gollum snakehead turn out to be entirely different from other snakeheads? Watching them can be mesmerizing, Britz says—they move “like a veil in the wind.”. Dragon snakeheads also have eyes and a reddish brown pigmentation—traits uncommon in subterranean fish, many of which are white and eyeless. But questions still remained. In Indonesia and the Philippines are also much consumed either fried, grilled or with soup. What it is likely to be, is threatened. Also, a Scientist named Ralf Britz says, that this fish is the most exciting discovery of fishing world. Snakeheads (or channids, family Channidae) are predatory freshwater dwellers. There are more than 50 species of Channidae snakeheads, which live in streams and lakes throughout Asia and Africa. To find out, Britz, Raghavan and their colleagues deconstructed the body parts of the fish. These strange, long-bodied fish, which dwell in aquifers of porous rock, are rarely seen, only coming to the surface after flooding from heavy rains. Shortly thereafter, another researcher found a second species in that genus as well, based on a single specimen—the Mahabali snakehead. Though the team went on to classify the fish as a new species, under a new genus (Aenigmachanna), they retained it in the only existing family of snakeheads (Channidae). New Delhi: A team of scientists have determined that a species of snakehead fish discovered in the Western Ghats in Kerala belongs to a unique family distinct from fish species found in the world. It contains two species, both of which are largely restricted to subterranean habitats in southwestern India, namely in the Western Ghats foothills in the state of Kerala. With its long, scaly body and delicate, veil-like fins, the Gollum snakehead captured quite some attention when discovered last year in south India. Snakeheads (or channids, family Channidae) are predatory freshwater dwellers. Giant Snakehead. Like the dragon snakeheads, this previously unknown family of eels has ancient traits that have been lost in its relatives, and it has changed relatively little over time. Subterranean Fish Named ‘Gollum’ Belongs to a New Family The freshwater fish belongs to a never-before-described taxonomic family, making it … Snakehead Fish is a kind of predatory fish that live in fresh water.It is known that this fish is very rich in albumin, a type of protein which is important.This kind of fish is prepared in curries and soups. “Aenigmachanna is by far the most important freshwater fish to be discovered in the 30 years I have been a student of South Asian fishes,” commented scientist Rohan Pethiyagoda who studies snakeheads in Sri Lanka, and was not involved in the study published last week in Scientific Reports. Northern snakehead fish This month, an invasive northern snakehead fish was found in a pond in Georgia. The team estimated the age of the family using fish fossils and simulation algorithms. Otherwise people keep calling to meet me in person!” says Abdul Sami, 34, with a la “It also signals that new light needs to be shone on the other fishes of Kerala that seem to live in aquifers, such as Horaglanis and Kryptoglanis. And officials are warning anyone who comes into contact with the … Besides, the restaurant serves freshwater fish dishes like fried lake fishes, morass peera or needlefish cooked in coconut, shrimp fry, lobster, fried … “I can’t begin to understand why,” Johnson says. It flaunted some odd features: a uniform, cinnamon brown and long, eel-like body, unlike other snakeheads. Explained: A 100 million-year-old fish in Kerala, named after a character of the Lord of the Rings Meet Aenigmachanna gollum, a dragon snakehead fish that lives in underground aquifers, and which first announced its surfacing in social media posts in 2018 But having a snakehead from a subterranean habitat is an exciting find. This fish is best kept in water at 24-28°C/75-82°F, pH 6.0-7.0 and GH to 10. But when Britz and his colleagues performed further research on the anatomy and genetics of these fishes, he found they belong in a new family entirely. It has been found that the fish is not just unique for its delicate scale like fins but is also a living fossil. Native range: This snakehead has a markedly disjunctive distribution. These primitive fish are a type of “living fossil” and may have diverged from their nearest relatives more than a hundred million years ago. The dragon snakeheads have “a whole series of primitive characteristics,” and are rightly called “living fossils,” says David Johnson, an ichthyologist at Smithsonian’s National Museum of Natural History in Washington, D.C., who wasn’t involved in the paper. Raghavan sent the photo to Britz, who had “no idea what it was,” Britz says—not the species, genus, or family. This has lowered the water table and could imperil some of the newfound obscure species that live there. “We think this is the most exciting discovery in the fish world of the last decade,” says Britz, lead author of a study published recently in Scientific Reports. It possibly evolved at least 109 million years ago (when the last dinosaurs still roamed the world), after the Indian plate drifted away from the supercontinent of Gondwana. There is some justification for calling it a snakehead ‘living fossil’ and it is this unique combination of primitive characters and a few weird derived features that lead us to consider coming up with a new family for it.”. These fish have a unique way of moving in the water, undulating their fins as eels do to move backward and forward. Aenigmachanna is a genus of ray-finned fish in the order Ananbantiformes. In Malaysia and Singapore, they are known locally as the toman, while in Indonesia they are called gabus or haruan (not to be confused with another species of smaller snakehead known as the common snakehead also called haruan), and are cultured in fish ponds and reservoirs as game fish because they put up a strong fight when hooked. The fish varieties generally featured in the vlogs are grouper, red snapper, rohu, catla, king fish, mangrove jack, barracuda, barramundi, sting ray, different varieties of snakehead, among others. © 1996-2015 National Geographic Society, © 2015- All rights reserved. An initial study, published in Zootaxa in May 2019, identified the fish as a new species and genus, named Aenigmachanna gollum—the Gollum snakehead. Both the Gollum snakehead and its sister species, the Mahabali snakehead, are thought to dwell in underground freshwater aquifers connected to paddy fields and open wells (that are tapped for everyday water needs) in Kerala’s Western Ghats. 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