There are eight species of Salamanders in Minnesota. MDNR Wildlife Action Plan Status: Species of Greatest Conservation Need . However, juveniles (also known as "efts"), become land dwellers and develop lungs to breathe air. The adults also breathe air, but become aquatic once again. Recently the spotted dusky salamander (D. conanti) has been elevated from a subspecies of D. fuscus to a full species. The toes are however, unequal. Larvae live in water and use gills to breathe. Salamanders. Salamander is the common name for this amphibian while Caudata is its scientific name. Beyond that, Spotted Salamanders are among our best indicators of healthy vernal pool/woodland ecosystems. Salamanders have several other names including mud puppy, water dog, triton and spring lizard. Courtesy of Roger Hangarter / University of Indiana A midst life’s profligate swapping and sharing and collaborating, one union stands out: the symbiosis of spotted salamanders … Salamanders belong to the Salamandroidea family and belong to the class of Amphibia. Scientific Name: Ambystoma laterale Common Name: Blue-spotted salamander Species synopsis: The blue-spotted salamander has the northernmost distribution of any Ambystoma species, occurring in east-central North America as far north as Labrador, with its distribution dipping Desmognathus fuscus is the most wide-ranging of the dusky salamanders, being found from southern Canada all the way to the Gulf of Mexico. Status: Common. Distribution: Spotted Salamanders exist throughout Ohio, but they are only common in eastern and southern regions of the state. Scientific Name: Ambystoma maculatum. Salamanders, as … First discovered: The first scientific description of the spotted salamander was written by the English botanist and zoologist George Shaw in 1802. They have 4 on the frontal part of the body and 5 toes at the hinds. Limbs – Like most other amphibians, the blue spotted salamander is also gifted with 2 pairs of limbs located in the front and the hind side of their body. Total Length: 7” Description: This is a beautiful salamander whose back is black with blue or purple overtones fading to blue-gray on the sides and belly. Spotted Salamanders also have fascinating life histories – essentially spending the year underground and emerging during spring rains for a once-a-year breeding session. Spotted salamander young come pre-equipped with photosynthetic algae, which are visible in their eggs. 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