East of this complex the Congo River has eroded a broad basin, known as Malebo Pool, into the upper sedimentary strata before cutting rapids farther downstream. Situated about 500 mi (805 km) north of the equator, the Central African Republic is a landlocked nation bordered by Cameroon, Chad, the Sudan, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and the Republic of Congo. Its elevation rises to the Great Escarpment, which flanks the plateau in an almost unbroken line from the Zambezi River to Angola. It comprises, according to common definitions, the Republic of the Congo (Brazzaville), the Central African Republic, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Kinshasa); Gabon is usually included along with the Central African Republic because of their common historical ties, both of these countries having once been part of French Equatorial Africa. Facts about Central African Republic 2: the condition of the land area. Approximately 552 million people live in West and Central Africa, the majority living in rural areas as smallholders farmers. [8][9], Trade and improved agricultural techniques supported more sophisticated societies, leading to the early civilizations of Sao, Kanem, Bornu, Shilluk, Baguirmi, and Wadai.[10]. At first Wadai paid tribute to Bornu and Durfur, but by the 18th century Wadai was fully independent and had become an aggressor against its neighbors. Ndongo experienced depopulation from slave raiding. [11] Finds include bronze sculptures and terra cotta statues of human and animal figures, coins, funerary urns, household utensils, jewelry, highly decorated pottery, and spears. An estimated 40% of the population of the eastern and the northern parts of the region are experiencing severe food shortages and poverty.The only places that have the ability to sustain crop production are located in the southern belt, the riverine wetlands, and the areas around Lake Chad. [27] Southern Zimbabwe and much of South Africa are within a … The Sao civilization flourished from ca. Western rock and pop music, as well as Afrobeat, soukous and other genres have become popular nation-wide. Other parks and reserves are located in the equatorial forest in Congo, such as Maiko and Salonga national parks. The Central Highlands are mostly green and lush and together with Western kenya it … Author of. Area, 1,402,367 square miles (3,632,116 square km). In this region of Africa, there remain active volcanoes, some of which actually lie on the floor of valleys and depressions, rather than on the plateau itself. The Tunjur people founded the Wadai Kingdom to the east of Bornu in the 16th century. A boundary was agreed along a line from Say on the Niger to Barruwa on Lake Chad, but leaving the Sokoto Caliphate in the British sphere. The territory we now know as the Central African Republic has been settled since at least the 7th century and incorporated into a number of regional empires including the Kanem and Wadai empires. The Central region attains many tourist attractions such as castles, forts and beaches stretched along the Central region's coastline. These states are now typically considered part of East or Southern Africa.[5]. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. The equatorial strip that extends from the Atlantic Ocean to the Western Rift Valley is influenced throughout the year by the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ), resulting in intense, heavy precipitation. The Luena (Lwena) and Lozi (Luyani) in Zambia also claim descent from Kinguri. As of 2009, about 14.7 percent of the world’s population resides in Africa. https://www.britannica.com/place/central-Africa. The Ubangi and the Shari are the largest of many rivers. The Lunda linked Central Africa with the western coast trade. [35] Local governments and traditional authorities are increasingly engaged in rent-seeking, collecting license fees with the help of the police or army.[36]. Sao artifacts show that they were skilled workers in bronze, copper, and iron. Slavery wreaked havoc in the interior, with states initiating wars of conquest for captives. Six of those states (Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Chad, the Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, and Gabon) are als… The predominant religions of Central Africa are Christianity and traditional faiths. This created Lake Kivu; its waters discharge to the south, through the Ruzizi (Rusizi) River gorge into Lake Tanganyika, one outlet of which links the lake with the Lualaba River and thus the Congo. In the 16th and 17th centuries, prior to French colonisation of central Africa in the 1880s, many tribes fled to the region in order to escape the slave trade. 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