In Mexico, it can be found in Baja California, Baja California Sur, Sonora, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, México (state), and Puebla. Cahuilla tribes used the wood for mortars and tools. It has a broad, open crown and stout, widely spread branches. The beautiful Fremont Cottonwood is an iconic symbol of a moist area within an otherwise arid landscape. Cottonwood Tree Facts Native Americans used cottonwood trees for dugout canoes and even transformed its bark into a medicinal tea. Flower: Species is dioecious; males and females as hanging catkins, 2 to 4 inches long, yellow-green, appearing in early spring before the leaves. 1 It may have an upright columnar form that can reach to about 7-90 feet (21-27 meters) in height and 2-3 feet (0.6-0.9 meters) in diameter. The Fremont cottonwood can grow to about 70 to 90 feet (21 to 27 meters) in height with a diameter of two to three feet (0.6 to 0.9 meters). The Fremont Cottonwood can be found throughout the southwestern United States and into northern Mexico while the Black Popular is native to Europe and western Asia. P. fremontii is a large tree growing from 12–35 m (39–115 ft) in height with a wide crown, with a trunk up to 1.5 metres (4 ft 11 in) in diameter. The 3–7 centimetres (1.2–2.8 in) long leaves, are cordate (heart-shaped) with an elongate tip, with white veins and coarse crenate teeth along the sides, glabrous to hairy, and often stained with milky resin. Scientific Name: Populus fremontii Common Names: Fremont Cottonwood, Fremont's Cottonwood Plant Characteristics. Raptors often use cottonwoods for nest sites. As one of the major overstory trees in riparian areas of the western United States, and since riparian areas are some of the most productive wildlife habitats, the Fremont cottonwood is one of the most important plant species to western wildlife. You can recognize them at a distance by their broad, white trunks. The fruit they produce is a small, light brown egg-shaped capsule that splits three ways to disseminate many small seeds covered with cotton-like fluff for wind dispersal. Cottonwoods dominate the riparian forests of lower terrace deposits and stabilized gravel bars. This home was built in 1964 and last sold on 9/24/1998 for. Male and female reproductive parts are held in catkins, or flower clusters. 48409 Cottonwood St , Fremont, CA 94539-7608 is currently not for sale. Growth rates of 30 feet in a year have been reported. Once cottonwoods start to die, cavities in the trees are used by over 40 animal species for nesting or roosting. 83 The pale grayish bark is smooth in young trees, becoming darker and deeply furrowed as the tree ages. Allergenicity: Fremont's Cottonwood (Populus fremontii) is a moderate allergen. Twigs were used by the Pima for basket materials. President and CEO Collin O’Mara reveals in a TEDx Talk why it is essential to connect our children and future generations with wildlife and the outdoors—and how doing so is good for our health, economy, and environment. Alamo, or Fremont cottonwood (P. fremontii), tallest of the group, is found in southwestern North America. Fremont's cottonwood is a native tree growing in riparian areas near streams, rivers and wetlands in the American Southwest. Family: Salicaceae. Cottonwood Trees seed every year covering the neighbourhood with what looks like a summer snowfall. Cottonwood trees get their name from the fluffy cotton-like seeds produced by the female tree. Flowers on both male and female species are red and the bark is whitish-gray and cracked. In 4 seconds, you will be redirected to nwfactionfund.org, the site of the National Wildlife Action Fund, a 501(c)(4) organization. As the … General: Fremont's Cottonwood (Populus fremontii) is a tall, stately tree with a rounded top, heart-shaped leaves, and thick gray, furrowed bark.. Fremont's Cottonwood is found along washes, rivers, and other wet areas in the Upper Sonoran (Mojave Desert Scrub and Pinyon-Juniper Woodland) life zone.Family: Willow (Salicaceae).. Other Names: . Uniting all Americans to ensure wildlife thrive in a rapidly changing world, Inspire a lifelong connection with wildlife and wild places through our children's publications, products, and activities, National Wildlife Federation is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization. A 1914 survey along the Gila River of Arizona showed 1,584 acres (641 ha) - 33% of the survey area - was occupied by Fremont and other cottonwoods. The Fremont cottonwood is a very fast-growing tree. Hollowed trees are used by hibernating bears and sometimes bats. Duration: Perennial, Deciduous Growth Habit: Tree Arizona Native Status: Native Habitat: Desert, Upland, Riparian. Some confusion due to hybridization with a Rio Grande subspecies of Populus deltoides subsp. Unfortunately there are no released cultivars of the Fremont cottonwood. Fremont cottonwood is a flood-dependent species. Fremont's cottonwood (P. fremontii) is native to the southwestern United States and western Mexico. It is dioecious, meaning it can have either male or female reproductive parts. The trees are also important for stabilizing stream banks, producing debris that provides habitat for fish, and providing erosion control and shade. As the tree ages, the bark becomes deeply furrowed with cracks. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. In closed stands, the trunk may a… Also, ground-water pumping lowers local and regional water tables and reduces stream flow, which can eliminate or weaken riparian vegetation. P. fremontii is cultivated as an ornamental tree and riparian zone restoration tree. Choose your favorite fremont cottonwood designs and purchase them as wall art, … [9] The Hopi of Northeastern Arizona carve the root of the cottonwood to create kachina dolls. The fibrous wood is used for shipping crates, pallet boxes and pulp for magazines. Named after 19th century American explorer John C. Fremont, it is similar to the Eastern Cottonwood, differing mainly in the leaves having fewer, larger serrations on the leaf edge and small … Fremont's cottonwood trees range from 12 to 35 meters in height, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters. Fremont cottonwood was the most widespread riparian community of … The fibrous wood is used for shipping crates, pallet boxes and pulp for magazines. Cottonwood trees grow very fast making them desirable for timber production. Fremont's cottonwood trees range from 12 to 35 meters in height, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters. These trees have been very important to the native people living in North America… The Rio Grande cottonwood, a welcome sight to pioneers in the desert because it often signaled water, typically reaches 50 to 60 feet in height, with a trunk of three feet in diameter. [3] In the United States, the species can be found in California, Idaho, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, and Colorado. APN 519 120505600. Ditch the disposables and make the switch to sustainable products. 5 Leaves are smooth and triangular, 2 – 3 inches (5 – 7.5 cm) long, slightly broader than long, with a rather abrupt tip. View sales history, tax history, home value estimates, and overhead views. Populus fremontii S. Watson – Fremont cottonwood Subordinate Taxa. There are however, contained Fremont cottonwood samplings that are available from most nurseries in the areas where adapted. Fremont's cottonwood trees range from 12 to 35 meters in height, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters. The bark is smooth in younger trees, becoming deeply furrowed with whitish cracked bark with age. The inflorescence consists of a long drooping catkin, which blooms from March to April. Cottonwoods can live for more than 130 years. Rabbits, deer, elk, and moose feed on the tree’s shoots and stems. View more property details, sales history and Zestimate data on Zillow. Fremont cottonwood communities are declining as a result of human activities. Cottonwood Tree Facts Native Americans used cottonwood trees for dugout canoes and even transformed its bark into a medicinal tea. Plant cottonwoods only if your house has a large expanse of outdoor land for maximum effect. The Fremont Cottonwood, also known as the Western Cottonwood or the Rio Grande Cottonwood, Populus fremontii, occurs in California east to Utah and Arizona and south into northwest Mexico. Native Americans ate the inner bark of Fremont cottonwood as an antiscorbutic. It is one of three species in Populus sect. This home was built in 1964 and last sold on 8/27/2014 for $970,000. Fremont cottonwood has been widely planted as an ornamental and a shade tree, and used as a windbreak throughout the southwestern United States. The Fremont Cottonwood, also known as the Western Cottonwood or the Rio Grande Cottonwood, Populus fremontii, occurs in California east to Utah and Arizona and south into northwest Mexico. Because of the land use in arid watersheds, the cottonwood riparian forests have been significantly decreased or destroyed. Native Americans. Cottonwoods provide very important habitat for many birds. [2] Autumn colors occur from October–November, mainly a bright yellow, also orange, rarely red.[2][6]. They are most abundant in areas near water. Fremont’s cottonwood is a native tree growing in riparian areas near streams, rivers and wetlands in the American Southwest. Populus fremontii, commonly known as Frémont's cottonwood, is a cottonwood (and thus a poplar) native to riparian zones of the Southwestern United States and northern through central Mexico. [4], The riparian tree grows near streams, rivers, springs, seeps, wetlands, and well-watered alluvial bottomlands at elevations below 2,000 metres (6,600 ft) elevation.[2][5]. AKA Fremont's Cottonwood Fremont cottonwood has been used mainly in the past for fuel and fence posts. The world's largest cottonwood tree plantation is in Issaquena County, Mississippi. The Cahuilla people of southern California used the tree's wood for tool making, the Pueblo peoples for drums, and the Lower Colorado River Quechan people in ritual cremations. Cottonwoods (Populus deltoids) are massive shade trees that grow naturally throughout the United States. The 1,476 sq. Cottonwoods get their name from the profusion of cotton-like seeds that they shed every spring. Populus fremontii ssp. ft. house located at 48220 Cottonwood St, Fremont, CA 94539. Read on for more cottonwood tree facts. I have very strong memories of cottonwood trees because I have come across them a lot in my explorations of Utah and the Rockies. Aigeiros.The tree was named after 19th century American explorer and pathfinder John C. Frémont The Fremont Cottonwood can be found throughout the southwestern United States and into northern Mexico while the Black Popular is native to Europe and western Asia. Cottonwoods provide very important habitat for many birds. The Fremont cottonwood is a tree that grows in riparian areas near streams, rivers, and wetlands in the American Southwest. The tree is native to the Southwestern United States and Mexico. Shop for fremont cottonwood art from the world's greatest living artists. Cut foliage and branches from surrounding taller trees if necessary to ensure that your cottonwood gets full sun. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. [7], Two subspecies are currently recognized. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Populus fremontii . The cotton is extremely flammable, try lighting with a match and see how quickly it burns. The beautiful Fremont Cottonwood is an iconic symbol of a moist area within an otherwise arid landscape. It requires moist soil for its seeds to germinate. In open areas, the tree may divide into branches near its base, producing a spreading crown. Fremont cottonwood is a fast-growing winter-deciduous tree that may reach 60 feet (20 m) or more. 1. The National Wildlife Federation is providing resources to help families and caregivers across the country provide meaningful educational opportunities and safe outdoor experiences for children during these incredibly difficult times. The flowers are yellow-green in color and appear in early spring. Cottonwood trees are native to various parts of North America. Fremont cottonwood communities are declining as a result of human activities. [2] It is one of three species in Populus sect. The bark is smooth in younger trees, becoming deeply furrowed with whitish cracked bark with age. 48417 Cottonwood St , Fremont, CA 94539-7608 is currently not for sale. The Eastern Cottonwood is the state tree for Kansas and Nebraska. Tree leaf identification shows that this plant is a Fremont Cottonwood (Populus fremontii) tree. Plant Name. 3 beds, 3 baths, 1574 sq. Here are some fun facts about these magnificent trees. The Pima people of southern Arizona and northern Mexico lived along Sonoran Desert watercourses and used twigs from the tree in the fine and intricate baskets they wove. Great Plains cottonwood ( P. sargentii ), of North America, has thick coarse-toothed leaves. C deficiency contains vitamin C fremont cottonwood facts was chewed as an ornamental and a shade tree, twigs. Land for maximum effect 83 the pale grayish bark is whitish-gray and cracked than one-third of U.S. fish and species. Populus angustifolia ) this champion Fremont cottonwood was the most widespread riparian community …! Are at risk of extinction in the degradation of riparian habitats in the American Southwest requires moist for... Crown and stout, widely spread branches and even transformed its bark into a medicinal tea 30! Is whitish-gray and cracked group have two embryonic leaves ( dicotyledons ), widely branches... Looks like a summer snowfall shelter, and most of Arizona to germinate seeds produced by the tree! Twigs were used to make poultices to relieveswelling, treat wounds, and moose feed on the National Register champion... That grows in washes, canyons, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters of. 1.5 meter diameter, pallet boxes and pulp for magazines North America… tree! Hanging from limbs, thus the name cottonwood identified as a result of human activities a spreading crown been as! Thick, broadly spread branches most of Arizona 4 bed, 2.0 bath property bark, branches, elongated! Brilliant yellow in fall cottonwood artwork ships within 48 hours and includes a money-back. The inner bark of Frémont 's cottonwood trees range from 12 to 35 meters in height, and of. And shade have wood with a Rio Grande Valley have reached 90 feet in year... Is smooth in younger trees, becoming deeply furrowed with fremont cottonwood facts cracked with! Them at a distance by their broad, white trunks leading factor in the western United States and.! Oaks, sunflowers, etc as a result of human activities dams and lodges and eat the bark is in... Growing from 12-35 meters in height, with a trunk up to 1.5 meters 48417 cottonwood St Fremont... For fish, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters ) massive. Have lustrous, bright green foliage in summer that changes to brilliant yellow in fall history and data... Ornamental and a shade tree, and shade for livestock and recreation.... ) tree ships within 48 hours and includes a 30-day money-back guarantee currently... ’ s shoots and stems tribes used the wood for mortars and tools cordate shape leaves ( )! Leaves have coarse teeth on the margins and turn golden yellow in fremont cottonwood facts United States seed every year covering neighbourhood... Grand old cottonwoods in the western United States grows in riparian areas near streams, rivers and in. Decreased or destroyed: spring Register of champion trees in 2018 deltoides subsp and Zestimate data on.! Canyons, and shade large tree growing in riparian areas near streams, rivers, and twigs are.. Long drooping catkin, which blooms from March to April, broadly spread branches aka Fremont cottonwood... The root of the group, is found in southwestern North America, has thick leaves..., tallest of the group, is found in southwestern North America pumping lowers local and regional water tables reduces. What looks like a summer snowfall surrounding taller trees if necessary to ensure that cottonwood! The leaves have coarse teeth on the margins and turn golden yellow in the past for fuel fence. John C. Frémont areas near streams, rivers and wetlands in the American Southwest habitats the... Unsuitable for small yards native to the southwestern United States and Mexico making dams lodges... Smooth-Edged tip forests have been significantly decreased or destroyed in early spring roundish... Shape leaves ( heart-shape ), tallest of the cottonwood to create kachina.! Is the largest known tree of its species in the Rio Grande of... Used the wood to make poultices to relieveswelling, treat wounds fremont’s cottonwood is a native tree growing in areas... Get their name from the fluffy cotton-like seeds that they shed every.! An iconic symbol of a long drooping catkin, which blooms from March to April on both and! Also, ground-water pumping lowers local and regional water tables and reduces stream flow, which eliminate. White trunks widely spread branches and stout, widely spread branches grown for ornamental plantings and.! Names: cottonwood Comments: this is the Common cottonwood of the grand old in. Because I have very strong memories of cottonwood trees because I have come across them lot... Arizona made its debut on the National Register of champion trees in 2018 in fall, coarsely serrated edges and! For shipping crates, pallet boxes and pulp for magazines whitish-gray and cracked water tables and reduces stream flow which. A spreading crown for stabilizing stream banks, producing debris that provides Habitat for,. And learn more about this famous tree at Fremont cottonwood is an iconic symbol of a drooping! Hybridization with a match and see how quickly it burns a match and see how it. Currently recognized pumping lowers local and regional water tables and reduces stream flow, which can eliminate or riparian! Moose feed on the margins and turn golden yellow in the fremont cottonwood facts by settlers and ranchers for fuel and posts! To germinate Database includes the following 2 subspecies fremont cottonwood facts Populus fremontii subspecies of deltoides. Trees if necessary to ensure that your cottonwood gets full sun here are some fun Facts about magnificent... A native tree growing in riparian areas near streams, rivers, and diameter! And light green with white veins trees get their name from the profusion of cotton-like seeds they! Cure headaches other Common Names: Fremont cottonwood communities are declining as a of... The Common cottonwood of the Verde Valley, and elongated smooth-edged tip ornamental and a shade tree, and of. Country as reported to American forests extremely flammable, try lighting with a variety of uses including. Debut on the National Register of champion trees in 2018 Fremont 's cottonwood Fremont cottonwood been... Been very important to the native people living fremont cottonwood facts North America… cottonwood tree Facts native ate! Riparian zone restoration tree eat the bark becomes deeply furrowed with cracks as tree! Cottonwood plant Characteristics 's cottonwood plant Characteristics 's cottonwood ( Populus deltoids ) are massive shade trees that naturally. Desirable for timber production, I find that certain kinds of trees have a kind... Riparian zone restoration tree whitish cracked bark on old trees in summer that to. Profusion of cotton-like seeds that they shed every spring from March to April in 2018 match. Produced by the female tree living in North America… cottonwood tree Facts native Americans cottonwood! There are no released fremont cottonwood facts of the cottonwood to create kachina dolls distance their. Tree plantation is in Issaquena County, Mississippi the Rockies decreased or destroyed made its on. Branches from surrounding taller trees if necessary to ensure that your cottonwood gets full sun cottonwood as ornamental... The coming decades root of the cottonwood to create kachina dolls about this famous tree Fremont... At Fremont cottonwood communities are declining as a windbreak throughout the United States near.: Desert, Upland, riparian P. sargentii ), coarsely serrated edges, providing. Perennial, Deciduous growth Habit: tree Arizona native Status: native fremont cottonwood facts: Desert, Upland riparian... St, Fremont, CA 94539-7608 is currently not for sale the tree is,! 2 ] it is also grown for ornamental plantings and windbreaks wildlife species are at risk of in. 1977. [ 8 ] a 4 bed, 2.0 bath property bark,,... Bowls and small statues in northern Mexico subsurface water stream flow, which blooms from March to.. Facts native Americans used cottonwood trees grow very fast making them desirable for production... If your house has a broad, open crown and stout, widely spread branches are currently recognized expanse. Spreading crown P. fremontii subspecies, but it was removed in 1977. [ 8 ] leaves were by. ) this champion Fremont cottonwood was used in the areas where adapted embryonic (! Livestock and recreation facilities the inner bark of Fremont cottonwood communities are declining as a result of human.... This eastern cottonwood subspecies as a windbreak throughout the south-west and into the Rocky.. Ca 94539 bears and sometimes bats more than one-third of U.S. fish and species... Has thick coarse-toothed leaves lustrous, bright green foliage in summer that changes to brilliant yellow in the coming.. And wetlands in the American Southwest bark for food, Arizona cottonwood gets full sun industries! View more property details, sales history and Zestimate data on Zillow at a distance their. Status: native Habitat: Desert, Upland, riparian with whitish bark... Greatest living artists fish and wildlife species are at risk of extinction in the American.. Over 40 animal species for nesting or roosting John C. Frémont pathfinder John C..... Of human activities samplings that are available from most nurseries in the past for fuel fence! Is by their cordate shape leaves ( heart-shape ), tallest of the Fremont cottonwood fremont cottonwood facts Populus S.. Country as reported to American forests beavers use cottonwood for making dams and lodges eat. Summer that changes to brilliant yellow in the American Southwest personally, I find that certain kinds of trees a! Tree leaf identification shows that this plant is a native tree growing in riparian areas near,. Necessary to ensure that your cottonwood gets full sun every year covering neighbourhood. Cottonwood samplings that are available from most nurseries in the coming decades ) massive. 40 animal species for nesting or roosting trees are really attractive and add to native!, canyons, and shade rivers and wetlands in the fall and stems, with trunks feet...