28. Genna East from Massachusetts, USA on October 13, 2018: Such gorgeous trees, Linda...and stunning photographs! It has a conical shape when young but when fully grown it has a flat crown and horizontal branches, creating a grand, tiered silhouette. This false cedar is … Eastern Red Cedar Trees Plant Easily . Answer: I doubt whether there is a problem. They also make ideal windbreak trees. :-) The Tree of Life and your official tree of province seem so apropos in describing this majestic beauty -- in many ways. Historically, western red cedar (also known as western redcedar) was a very important plant for the indigenous or First Nations people who lived in the coastal area. It is incredible to think of them standing for 1,000 or even 1,500 years! Pamela Oglesby from Sunny Florida on October 08, 2018: I think this is a beautiful tree with many interesting facts. Walter Siegmund, via Wikipedia Commons, CC BY-SA 3.0 License. It is also tolerant of poor dry soils as well as alkaline soils. Larger sizes and additional photographs It's an important source of food for deer, for example. Because of their size, these trees are not often found in gardens and are usually seen lining streets or in parks. The Red Cedar has been our family Christmas Tree forever, not really user friendly for hanging decorations like a Frasier Fir, but the aroma and the deep green color rival any other. There once existed a good man who gave his belongings to people in need. Also called red cedar, eastern juniper, red juniper, pencil cedar, or aromatic cedar, this evergreen is indigenous to the entire state of Tennessee and was one of the earliest landscape trees used by early pioneers. It grows in both a wild and a cultivated form in Canada and the United States. Eastern red cedar is toxic if taken internally. It’s the official tree of British Columbia, where I live. 37. Branches are usually reddish- brown. Cedar Tree Trivia. Thank you very much, Cynthia. Fibres from the bark were used to create baskets, cords, ropes, and fishing nets. It's a lovely tree to explore. Western red cedar is capable of living well over a thousand years. 6. The name "gymnosperm" comes from two Greek words meaning naked seed. I appreciate your visit and comment. Historically, First Nations people made use of both plants. Both self and cross pollination occur in the western red cedar. Peg Cole from Northeast of Dallas, Texas on October 11, 2018: Beautiful photos and interesting uses of this gorgeous, long-living tree. In tree form, it is more commonly called Eastern Redcedar, while the wood itself is usually referred to as Aromatic Red Cedar. Early explorers took note of the tree. Yes, I think the tree is awesome. 39. Instead, it reproduces via cones. 27. Even so, in some years a tree may produce more cones than in others. Though Eastern Redcedar trees are widely distributed throughout the eastern half of the United States, it is a very slow-growing species, and most trees harvested tend to be fairly small in diameter. Thank you for introducing me to the plant. Female and male cones are borne on separate trees. T… 22. However, they make an excellent windbreak and are suitable on large pieces of property to add a living hedge or winter interest. 35. Trees were cut down, but not excessively. It's generally found in subalpine areas and is classified in the genus Cupressus. Traditionally, a prayer was said and the tree's spirit thanked before it was cut. Hi Linda, the western red cedar is a good choice for British Columbia’s tree. Do not over water redcedar but do water seedlings until established, then leave the tree alone. The tree is important today and its uses in the past are interesting. Tall, majestic, sturdy and long- lasting.1000 years is no. Today an oil is distilled from its leaves. The wood of the tree was used to create totem poles, masks, canoes, paddles, spears, hooks for fishing, and longhouses. Mature trees aged 50 and older are usually 40 … Hi, Flourish. Eastern red cedar is a tough evergreen tree attaining a dense pyramidal or columnar shape. In parts of Zimbabwe and South Africa, it has naturalised; growing to … A mature plant often has dead, orange leaves on the innermost part of its branches but can still look attractive due to the living leaves on the outermost part of the branches. Both the sperm and the egg are haploid, which means they have half the number of chromosomes found in the plant. Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on October 14, 2018: Thanks for commenting, Liz. The eastern redcedar is an ancient tree, dating to aboriginal America, where fossil evidence indicates it covered large portions of the continent. Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on October 08, 2018: Detecting scents online would be lovely! Colonial craftsmen lost no time in using the wood from the eastern redcedar for furniture and fences, as it had superior weathering capability and was easy to work with. Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on October 22, 2018: Thanks for the comment and for sharing the information, Chitrangada. Conifers belong to a major group of plants known as gymnosperms. When a pollen grain enters a seed cone, it delivers a sperm nucleus to an ovule inside the cone. In earlier times, the western red cedar had both a cultural and a spiritual significance for the people of the First Nations. The western red-cedar is a tree that continues to surpass the others. The tallest trees are especially impressive. Western red cedar is a very tall conifer tree (left) but dwarf cultivars are available too such as Thuja plicata ‘Green Giant’ (left) Unlike the eastern red cedar, the western red cedar is a massive type of tree, reaching up to 230 ft. (70 m) tall. Even though they can be seen on the trees during the summer, they do not … I think that the tree deserves to be respected, too. 3. I’m planting 250 Red Cedars now from Alpha Nurseries in double rows as privacy screens/windbreaks. Western Redcedar is immortal! The western red cedar was harvested with care. In this article, I describe forty facts about the plant and the importance of the “tree of life” in the local culture. Here’s a great guide for telling the difference. The term reflects the fact that gymnosperm seeds are not surrounded by a fruit. The wood is used to build shingles for roofs, siding for homes, and indoor panels. I hope botanists learn more about it. The leaves range from yellow green to medium green in colour, depending in part on the lighting conditions. A separate population of the tree can be found in damp areas in the interior of British Columbia. The trees may grow up to 60 metres (about 200 feet) tall and 6 metres in circumference, measured above the strongly buttressed base. Height: About 40 feet Dora Weithers from The Caribbean on October 09, 2018: To being with, the leaves are very attractive. I think they're lovely trees, too. Soil type: Any type except poorly drained Eman Abdallah Kamel from Egypt on October 10, 2018: This tree really calls for meditation, it looks very beautiful and also many benefits. Thanks, Devika. The trunk is often buttressed at the base. This cedar is very adaptable to various growing conditions and is low maintenance. Tales say that a person could receive its strength just by standing with their back to the tree. 1. A western red cedar often produces many cones, especially when the tree is mature and on those branches that are in open areas and are exposed to a good amount of sunlight. Conifers include Bermuda cedar (Juniperus bermudiana), Atlantic white cedar (Chamaecyparis thyoides), eastern red cedar (Juniperus virginiana), Japanese cedar (Cryptomeria japonica), eastern white cedar or northern white cedar (Thuja occidentalis), mountain cedar (Juniperus ashei), western red cedar (Thuja plicata), and port orford cedar (Chamaecyparis lawsoniana). Well done! Additional Information. pH range: Acid to somewhat alkaline I did a quick check and found that the Deodar tree is actually a true cedar (genus Cedrus), but it looks beautiful. Eastern redcedars, like all junipers are dioecious which means that there are separate male and female plants. It's a concentrated substance when it's first obtained. The following article will cover the information about this tree that will help you learn more about it. The terminal branchlets bear flat rows of leaves on either side in an arrangement called a spray. Being able to treat the ducts of "sick buildings" with the oil is valuable information. 5. The tree is more than 150 feet tall with a trunk that spans over 18 feet in diameter. Eastern Red Cedar Tree Facts, Identification, Uses, Pictures Plant Needs, Zone: 3 to 9 Thanks for the visit. 1986, Stephens 1973). Red cedar (Juniperus virginiana) is a medium-sized dioecious or rarely monoecious tree from 10-20 m (33-66') tall (McGregor et al. I’ve added some of it to the article. Western red cedar is a tree that grows to a height of 125 ft (60 m) in moist soils in mixed coniferous forests. Its common place presence throughout makes it suffer the stigma of being too familiar. The bark of the western red cedar's trunk is red brown to grey. The seeds are released form the parent plant on their own. Each seed or female cone produces around three to six seeds on average. The plant is capable of vegetative reproduction. Conifers don't produce fruits. Wish we could get a whiff of that in the photos. Do you know anything about their root systems when found in residential areas? A buttress root branches from a tree's trunk above ground and then extends into the ground. She loves to study nature and write about living things. You may have observed a giant tree that is up to 60 meters tall, has drooping branches, and a trunk that spreads out widely at the base. Thank you, Eman. Thank you for sharing these facts and photos. "Majestic" is a great word to describe many of the trees. Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on October 09, 2018: I appreciate your comment, Dora. Hi, Nithya. 7. This is one reason when the wood is often resistant to decay. Male cones are ovoid in shape. The red cedar tree is a pine tree, or conifer. I like the trees, too. Devika Primić from Dubrovnik, Croatia on October 09, 2018: I like the photos and the beautiful tree. Red cedar trees can be grown in most areas of Floridaif you have the space for them to reach their mature size. Western red cedars sometimes exhibit this characteristic, though the position of the division or divisions into different trunks varies. Peggy Woods from Houston, Texas on March 06, 2020: You have greatly expanded my knowledge about the western red cedar tree. California Incense Cedar is used in the manufacture of pencils. This has been very interesting to read as I know very little about cedar trees. Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on April 15, 2020: No, not really, though I know that it can form a dense root system in ideal conditions. Am I doing something wrong? The cinnamon-red or brownish outer bark is relatively thin, fissured, and scaly, shedding in irregular flakes; the inner bark is fibrous. Bill Holland from Olympia, WA on October 08, 2018: Finally you reported on something I know about. This tree is highly tolerant of both drought and salt spray, making it an excellent c… Western red cedar is capable of living well over a thousand years. Largest Red Cedar. The tree is frequently conical but is sometimes irregularly shaped. Great facts and wonderful pictures. 15. They grow fast and can be found in a … However, this species certainly has a place in our landscapes since there are cultivars that have dark green foliage, showy “fruit”, and a variety of forms (see Additional Information section). Some people say that the smell of the crushed leaves is more like pineapple, but it isn't for me. 17. Some rosewood and mahogany species are experiencing problems at the moment. It grows best in full sun but can tolerate partial shade. Function, Eastern redcedar has numerous landscape functions including specimen plant, in mass, as a hedge and windscreen, in a border, and as foundation plant (shrub forms). I think it definitely deserves the honour of being the official tree of British Columbia. Male and female cones are on separate trees. There are 1-3 seeds per cone. Thank you. It seems to capture the outdoorsy persona of the place. Cedar Tree: Facts and Information on Cedar Trees. The members of the genus are often known as arborvitaes from the Latin words for tree of life. Cedar Tree Appearance The Lebanon cedar is a large tree, growing up to 130 feet. Eastern and western red cedar trees play vital roles within their ecosystems, providing shelter and food for many types of wildlife. I love the idea of a guitar manufacturer using fallen wood instead of destroying trees. According to the Washington State Department of Natural Resources, many trees over 1,500 years old have been discovered. It is a pioneer species in that is quickly populates farm fields and other open areas (seeds spread in bird droppings). I love the thought of long rows of cedar trees! 12. The eastern red cedar is is a sacred tree of the Native American Cherokee peoples. 13. Cedars have such an amazing scent. 30. 38. They are lovely trees. It has the scientific name Thuja plicata and belongs to the cypress family, or the Cupressaceae. diameter, ridged near the base, and sometimes shallowly pitted. The evergreen tree is shaped like a pyramid or column, with reddish-brown to grayish colored bark that is fibrous and shedding. This can be a major problem for people who work with the wood and is common enough to be considered an occupational hazard. Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on July 12, 2020: Thank you for sharing the information. I think the age of some of the plants is impressive. Red cedar (Juniperus virginiana) is a medium-sized dioecious or rarely monoecious tree from 10-20 m (33-66') tall (McGregor et al. As its name suggests, it releases pollen grains. Liz Westwood from UK on October 14, 2018: Thanks for this informative article. Each leaf is a small scale only 2 to 3 mm long. The company only uses trees that have fallen to the ground naturally, though I’m sure if it’s western red cedar. The seed cones are the bigger ones (including the one that looks as though it's smiling) and the pollen cones are the smaller ones. The flat and spreading leaves of the tree can provide great protection from the rain, as I recently discovered. Selections have been made for these traits and some notable cultivars are: http://plants.usda.gov/plantguide/pdf/cs_juvi.pdf. 25. Hi, Pamela. Fibres from both the red and yellow cedar were used to weave clothing, hats, blankets, and mats. 40. I think the western red cedar was an excellent choice for the official tree of the province. General: Cypress Family (Cupressaceae). Thank you, Linda, for this useful article. Best suited for a somewhat spacious landscape, red cedars can be used singly or planted in rows to form a privacy screen or tall hedge. The red cedar (sometimes called Florida Red Cedar) is the ultimate in an outdoor Christmas tree, and though its form is pyramidal it can grow wider as it matures. Eastern red cedars (Juniperus vinginiana) are also known as juniper, savin evergreen, cedar apple and Virginia red cedar. The tree is dioecious, meaning that male pollen cones and female seed cones are on separate trees. The back and sides of the instruments are made of a different wood, such as rosewood, mahogany, or a wood that is more easily obtained. Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on October 10, 2018: Hi, Bede. I wish I could go to Ireland to see the tree and other sights. The back and sides of a guitar are always hardwood such as mahogany, rosewood or walnut (temperate hardwoods such as cherry or plane are increasingly favoured because of the increasing rarity of tropical ones). Plicatic acid can also provoke contact dermatitis, which is inflammation of the skin after touching a harmful substance. Its foliage develops in sprays about 6 in (15 cm) long with sm… The red cedar tree is actually not a cedar tree at all, but a juniper tree. The species name of the tree means "plaited". The leaves look unique and strong, and quite similar to the Deodar trees, found in Northern region of India, also called the Himalayan ranges. It should not be confused with the eastern red cedar, Juniperus virginiana, or the Lebanon cedar, Cedrus libani, which are unrelated species. 21. Cedar does not produce flowers. Very little rain reached me. Fallen branches sometimes develop roots, for example. Thanks for the wonderful info! The normal branches of the red cedar trunk divide repeatedly to form ever narrowing branchlets. Only a section of bark was removed on a particular tree in order to keep it alive. flattened, overlapping, scale-like leaves. They are interesting plants. There are many types of cedar trees. It tends to be brown when the trunk spends most of its time in the shade and grey when it's often … The red cedar is widely planted in subtropical and tropical parts of the world as a shade tree and for its fast-growing aspect. Eastern red cedar ( Juniperus virginiana ) is a species of tree native to Eastern and Central North America.The Eastern red cedar has a moderate growth rate, and can add about 12 to 18 inches of height per year. Thuja plicata contains three interesting chemicals (and probably many more that would be interesting to investigate). Nithya Venkat from Dubai on October 11, 2018: The Western Red Cedar is majestic and beautiful to see. There is a great amount of variation in this species; plants differ in size, form, foliage color, and fruit characteristics. I love the smell that the trees create. Facts About Cedar Trees. Western red cedar trees are popular as ornamental plants in parks near my home and are used to form hedges in local gardens. The ovulate (female) cones are solitary at the tips of branchlets, dark blue or bluish- purple, waxy and berrylike, 0.4-0.7 cm (3/16-1/4”) long. 23. When they join, they form a diploid zygote, which has the full number of chromosomes and becomes a new plant. Arthur Barlowe and Phillip Amadus were quoted as saying the trees were \"the tallest and reddest cedars in the world\" when they arrived at Roanoke Island in 1564. Caution- Eastern Red Cedar is actually quite toxic if ingested. It matures to 40 to 50 feet tall and 8 to 20 feet wide. Leave are opposite, simple, green or blue- green, closely appressed and overlapping the leaf above, scale-like, and 0.2-0.3 cm (1/16-1/8”) long or needlelike and 0.6-1.2 cm (1/4-1/2”) long. It's found from southern Alaska to Northern California. 1986, Stephens 1973). Thank you for the visit, Peggy. Guitar soundboards are made from western red cedar trees, while guitar necks are made of Spanish cedar. It's valued for both its durability and its relatively light weight. On the coast, it generally grows with Douglas fir and western hemlock. Shows how important one tree species can be to the ecosystem. 1986, Stephens 1973). It’s a versatile tree. Well, almost. These trees have been known to live over 1,500 years. Western Red Cedar Essential Oil is a rare and unique oil that is distilled from the leaves and branches of the tree. The female cones ripen from September through October. Thanks, Bill. It provides extra support for the tree and sometimes extra nutrients as well. 2. Thanks for the details of this wonderful tree and glad to know about it’s many uses. It is said to be a very strong tree and its strength is celebrated in its native land. I love that last picture as it looks like the tree has lived for a very long time. Red cedar will easily grow in a variety of soils, including clay, but will not do well when roots are constantly moist or wet. It is grown in the Hawaiian Islands of the United States, and southern and eastern Africa. To emphasize the plant's real lineage, some people join the last two words of its name together and call it the western redcedar. I’m age 70 and enjoy leaving behind these treasured trees. 6. This species is very tolerant of pruning (do not cut into wood without foliage). 4. Cedar is monoecious plant which means that it produces male and female cones on the same tree. Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on October 11, 2018: Thanks for the comment, Peg. 16. The wood contains a chemical called thujaplicin, which acts as a fungicide and a bactericide. Western red cedar is used to make guitars *always*, not sometimes, in combination with other woods. Thanks again for a very interesting presentation. 18. A pollen cone is about one to three millimetres long and is borne at the tip of a row of leaves. CMHypno from Other Side of the Sun on October 09, 2018: Fascinating hub Linda. 34. Thujone is used in some perfumes. FlourishAnyway from USA on October 08, 2018: I especially appreciated the information on the First Nations’ use of the tree and the allergies. Red cedar (Juniperus virginiana) is a medium-sized dioecious or rarely monoecious tree from 10-20 m (33-66') tall (McGregor et al. The foliage is blue-green to green and needlelike. 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