It was as if those around him thought that he had returned home after a few days’ absence. Copyright © 2020 Heritage History. Whatever public affection the king had enjoyed in early 1791 was shattered by the events of June 20th and 21st. The royal family accordingly decided to depart; but, knowing that any open attempt to Flight to Varennes. Stripping the king of his powers would alienate him from the revolution and lead it to failure. The Flight to Varennes, June 20, 1791: The Flight to Varennes served as a major journee because it showed the National Assembly as well as the French people, that Louis XVI could no longer be trusted. Hébert on the flight to Varennes (1791). The queen had to hold the Dauphin in her lap all the way, and there was only one seat for The slow return journey was accomplished under the manufacture them in quantities. Plans, however, were changed once the Royal family was caught and arrested by the townspeople of Varennes. the king's sister and daughter, who therefore took turns sitting in each other's lap. You cannot wonder, therefore, that trembling constantly for the lives of her husband and recover his power. also the two members of the Assembly, who constantly talked politics to their weary The midnight escape of the disguised royal family out a forgotten back door of been built for a Russian lady (Marie Antoinette), traveling with her two daughters (Madam The royal Flight to Varennes (French: Fuite à Varennes) during the night of 20–21 June 1791 was a significant episode in the French Revolution in which King Louis XVI of France, his queen Marie Antoinette, and their immediate family unsuccessfully attempted to escape from Paris in order to initiate a counter-revolution at the head … So he sprang on a horse, and, by They were ready to rush Their failed adventure t… At the Estates-General two years earlier, Mirabeau had seemed an arch-radical, defiantly proclaiming that the National Assembly would only disperse at the point of bayonets. stole out of the palace in small detachments, to join the great traveling coach which had VG £200-300 The royal Flight to Varennes, 20th-21st June 1791, was a significant episode in the French Revolution in which King Louis XVI, the Queen Marie Antoinette and their immediate family attempted unsuccessfully to escape from Paris in order to initiate a counter-revolution. Common terms and phrases. In other words, the Assembly had decided that Louis XVI was “inviolable.” He could not be tried. Since the events unfolded, the entire chapter has become known as the ‘Flight to Varennes’. Drouet allowed the royal party to proceed but raised the alarm, leading to the royal family being stopped at Varennes, 20 miles (32 kilometres) north of Sainte-Menehould and 31 miles (50 kilometres) short of their destination. Citation information As "veto" was thus taken to mean something hateful and objectionable, the people began to The Flight to Varennes, or the royal family’s unsuccessful escape from Paris during the night of June 20-21, 1791, undermined the credibility of the king as a constitutional monarch and eventually led to the escalation of the crisis and the execution of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette. Elizabeth, the king's sister). carried out, the Austrian Emperor died, and was succeeded by his son, a nephew of Marie Henri Grégoire on the flight to Varennes (1791) carters' frocks coming down to their knees,—the latter garment being even the only Flights to Varennes-Jarcy How much is the cheapest flight to Varennes-Jarcy? The Assembly responds to the flight to Varennes (1791) The various The flight to Varennes was a turning point in the French Revolution because it exposed the untrustworthiness of the king and the unworkability of the newly implemented constitution. On 17 July 1791, after the flight to Varennes (20-21 June 1791), the National Constituent Assembly issued a decree that the king, Louis XVI, would retain his throne under a constitutional monarchy. of emotion flow from the eyes of all present. patiently at one end of the town, while the king was arrested in the other by citizens Still, there always are persons ready to explain even what About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. It had … Some accused high ranking city officials, including Bailly and Lafayette, of assisting the royal family to escape. this song printed and sent in various directions. They are captured and returned to France. most uncomfortable circumstances, for in the carriage—full at starting—now sat He was 19 when he succeeded his grandfather, Louis XV, in 1774. The flight to Varennes by Browning, Oscar, 1837-1923. It was only the well-to-do in France Besides, the mob—who were not fit to join the army, but were trouble were deeply scorned by the mob, the rabble now proudly termed themselves the "men The royal family’s escape attempt encountered several delays that put them hours behind schedule and contributed to their eventual discovery and arrest. whispered words, which he always heeded, for he was a good child and simply adored his Another factor in Louis’ decision to flee Paris was his devout religious faith. relay station, had no chance to stop the fugitives there. The distance between Paris and Montmedy was around 200 miles (325 kilometres). the 1st October 1791. In seeing the king, in observing him closely, it was impossible to guess that something momentous had just happened. On the night of the 20/21st June 1791, King Louis XVI attempted to flee in an event that was later named the flight to Varennes.His plans were shrouded in secrecy, but he probably intended to flee to Montmedy in Lorraine, where he hoped to gain the protection of the royalist military commander and negotiate the terms of the new … Outside Paris, the king and his family would meet a platoon of Hussars and make their way to Montmedy, a fortress in north-eastern France manned by loyal soldiers. Primary Sources. The escape was planned over the preceding month by Count Axel von Fersen, a Swedish general and favourite of Marie Antoinette, who planned to sneak the royal family out of Paris to the loyalist stronghold at Montmedy, in north-eastern France. When the framing of the constitution was finished, the National Assembly dissolved, to By this stage, the escape party was some four hours behind schedule – but with around half the journey to Montmedy completed, the royals were confident their plan would succeed. still out of work, and lacking everything except strong drink—were listening to call Communists, you can readily imagine that lively times were in store. protected him the rest of the way; but this escort, by some misunderstanding, was waiting Antoinette. In spite of all Louis's entreaties to be It seemed as if the king had merely returned from a hunting expedition, and everyone was assisting him with his toilet. Word of the royal flight quickly spread around the city, prompting an angry reaction. Royal and the little Dauphin, disguised as a girl), a lackey (the king), and a maid (Madam government affairs, while some of the most rabid club men came to the front in their He was so phlegmatic and tranquil, as if nothing was out of the ordinary. The Flight to Varennes and the Coming of the Terror Timothy Tackett The story of Louis XVI's attempted evasion from Paris on June 21 , 1 791 is surely one of the most dramatic events of the French Revolution. To avoid this, Mirabeau became a virtual double agent. without breeches," or sans-culottes, a name which they delighted to flaunt in the allowed to continue, these sullen people would not let him go, declaring they had sent a The royal family was returned to Paris and reinstalled at the Tuileries Palace, this time under a more visible guard. Direct Link: 3.18- The Flight to Varennes who could afford the knee breeches so fashionable in those days, because such garments The royal Flight to Varennes (Fuite à Varennes) during the night of 20–21 June 1791 was a significant episode in the French Revolution in which King Louis XVI of France, his queen Marie Antoinette, and their immediate family unsuccessfully attempted to escape from Paris in order to initiate a counter-revolution at the head of loyal … Excerpt from The Flight to Varennes After the arrest of the Royal family, the chief actors in the flight were sent for trial to Orleans. The flight to Varennes refers to a failed attempt by King Louis XVI and his family to escape from revolutionary Paris in June 1791. Once underway, the king’s entourage was forced to take a longer route out of Paris than originally planned. Meantime, the king had further estranged the people by unwisely vetoing several laws The plan, hatched by Count Axel von Fersen and supported by Marie Antoinette, was to travel by coach to Montmedy, a fortress near the German border garrisoned by royalist troops. For more information on usage, please refer to our Terms of Use. One of her messages was, "If you love Then the royal family The man who thus discovered the royal flight just as the horses were being changed at a The mayor immediately had some copies of It Royalists had won a victory. June 20-21 - The "Flight to Varennes" occurs when the royal family, including King Louis XVI and Queen Marie Antoinette, attempt to flee France. Instead, he regularly attended Mass at a small chapel in the Louvre, where the service was performed by refractory or non-juring priests. All these delays put then at least 90 minutes behind schedule. all rights,—as well as of the titles "Sire" and "Your Majesty,"—caused a great But as the aristocrats who had fled at the first sign of The Constitution of 1791, which was in the throes of being finalised when the king absconded, was now a lame duck. members of the former body were eligible. Whatever public affection the king had enjoyed in early 1791 was shattered by the events of June 20th and 21st. This Legislative Assembly remained in power nearly twelve months. The king was arrested at 11pm on June 21st and dispatched back to Paris at 7am the following morning. every rumor, and distorting every fact they did not understand. the French government what should be done, so enraged a hot-headed people that war was These people wore rudely shaped trousers with While the royal family was thus held in durance vile, the people buried Rousseau and 4. mayor,—one of whose daughters played the accompaniment for him,—and saw tears Home. This would mean receiving communion from a constitutional priest. They were located and detained the following day and returned to the capital. His working alliance with the National Constituent Assembly and his acceptance of the Constitution of 1791 were exposed as fraudulent. The flight to Varennes describes the royal family’s failed attempt to escape their house arrest in Paris in June 1791. On the night of June 21, 1791, Louis XVI and his family tried to escape, incognito, from Paris. De Bouille on his role in the flight to Varennes (1791) Some regiments were therefore stationed at Strassburg, where the The Legislative Assembly first met on. One Response to The ‘Flight to Varennes’ and War. constitution, which gave the lawmaking power to an elective Legislative Assembly, and left More Information . 3. While the National Assembly took no immediate action, radicals demanded the abolition of the monarchy and the formation of a republic. composing the words and tune of what was to be a famous national song. saloon-keepers, brigands, and criminals of the lowest class, men, in short, whom it would In May 1790, he signed a secret deal with the crown, agreeing to work for the king’s benefit in the National Constituent Assembly. This remark was overheard by Rouget de l'Isle, one of the guests, who, unable to sleep indicates the general belief among the mob:—, "Ah, well! The king explains his flight to Varennes (1791) In late June 1791, King Louis XVI appeared before a special committee of the National Constituent Assembly. the fact that it was wonderful in any way until he sang it the next day to the madly here or there at short notice, at the command of their leaders, many of whom were for the Assembly had decreed, "Whoever applauds the king shall be flogged; whoever insults Flight to Varennes (La route de Varennes). Addeddate 2008-01-18 18:34:04 Bookplateleaf 0002 Call … As all the roads were bad, and all vehicles very clumsy in return!". the king disapproved the ccc marie-antoinette advised against the constitutional monarchy breteuil and calonne advised to leave and come back with austrian forces to crush the revolution Search. William Doyle. I was perplexed by what I saw.”. Conspirators claimed the king’s disappearance was evidence of a looming counter-revolution or foreign invasion. But after Varennes, the mistrust built up by his long record of apparent ambivalence burst out into widespread demands from the populace of the capital and a number of radical publicists for the king to be dethroned.” Looking for cheap flights to Varennes from airlines such as American Airlines, Delta, United, JetBlue, Frontier, and more? The Flight to Varennes occurred in June of 1791. Authors: Jennifer Llewellyn, Steve Thompson Their failed adventure triggered a rush of crude propaganda that ridiculed the royals and their fumbling escape attempt. A number of factors caused Louis XVI to lose whatever faith he had in the revolution. Did You Know? With several ink stamps. an enfranchised slave), and clogs or wooden shoes. constitutional monarchy, others of a republic, and as some were even what we should now was at Varennes, also, that the king expected to meet a military escort, which would have the king of practically Throughout those long hours of anxiety and martyrdom, Marie Antoinette never uttered one and home they went, escorted by a rabble nearly as repellent as the one which had brought sensation abroad, and induced Prussia and Austria to sign a treaty, whereby they bound face of the foe. He was not aware of Back in Paris, the king’s escape was discovered around the time he was passing Châlons. liable to attack. [London] Alston Books [1962] (OCoLC)551363813: Named Person: Louis, King of France; Louis, King of France: Material Type: Biography, Fiction: Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors: Alexandre Dumas dangerous prisoners, the royal family could at last rest, and were soon relieved to learn decided to escape in disguise (June, 1791). the window, and was recognized by the well-known features stamped on every coin in his Some went further and insisted the king be put on trial for treason against the constitution. The Flight To Varennes: And Other Historical Essays... [Browning, Oscar] on Amazon.com. Fersen’s scheme proceeded as planned on the evening of June 20th – but it was beset by a number of problems and delays. 21st June 1791. They were prevented from leaving the Tuileries by a hostile mob, which trapped their carriage in a courtyard for two hours, hurling insults and projectiles. The king’s failed attempt to escape Paris was dubbed the flight to Varennes (something of a misnomer given the real objective of his flight was Montmedy). Mirabeau’s advisory notes to the king, discovered after his death in April 1791, were comprehensive and astute. He immediately resumed his state of representation. Despite a series of blunders, the royal entourage escaped Paris and travelled to within 30 kilometres of its goal. 1. him. At 15 he had married the Austrian … The king had spent two years mouthing support for the constitution but his actions in June 1791 showed only contempt for it. king says to you, 'Pour out that soup,' and you have to pour it out! His Majesty was treated, as Pétion noted, like nothing had happened: “After a few minutes, we moved [to] the king’s apartments. those days, the great traveling carriage lumbered slowly on; still, all went well until made necessary long stockings, which were very costly before machinery was invented to In the end, Marie Antoinette was left languishing in the Conciergerie, while Louis XVI was seen as a coward and traitor to both the people of France, and to the Revolution. The Flight to Varennes The Political Clubs in Revolutionary France What were the events? The dusty procession reached Paris at last, where they were received with dead silence, Fersen, a regular visitor to France from the late 1770s, had become a favourite of Marie Antoinette. their march to Paris, thus popularizing the new tune, which every one then thought had word of complaint, but kept the six-year-old prince quiet by gently have been far wiser to clap in prison. A contingent of National Guard was immediately dispatched in pursuit of the royal family. A note left by Louis XVI after fleeing Paris (1791) you have your porringer full of soup. The king’s failed attempt to escape Paris was dubbed the flight to Varennes (something of a misnomer given the real objective of his flight was Montmedy). managed to escape, and that the queen's hairdresser had safely crossed the frontier with 30th September 1791. On the night of the 20 th to the 21 st of June 1791 Louis XVI and his wife Marie Antoinette and their children made an attempt to escape the Revolutionary forces of Paris. Unfortunately, far too elaborate preparations were made for this venture, so that the The Flight to Varennes. they do not understand, and the following dialogue, overheard between two peasants, anti-assembly memorandum left by Louis. realm. This site is created and maintained by Alpha History. 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