This is a tiny amount of radiation that has little effect on health. Non-ionizing radiation; Ionizing radiation. On this page. The features of some characteristic detector systems with the relative electronics and the data acquisition system (DAQ) are presented. Sources, effects and risks of ionizing radiation. The vast majority of artificial exposure to ionizing radiation in the general population comes from uses in medicine or allied health for diagnosis and therapy. As in many areas of medicine, there are risks associated with the use of medical imaging which uses ionizing radiation to create images of the body. The mechanism of the ionizing radiation interaction with matter is described for heavy charged particles, electrons and photons. 11 million workers professionally exposed to ionizing radiation per year (of whom 6.5 / 4.6 million are monitored for natural/artificial sources), 11000 clinical accelerators and 2300 60 Co sources for external beam therapy, 2500 HDR /LDR brachytherapy facilities, Over 200 industrial gamma irradiators and 1300 industrial electron accelerators. The purpose of this paper is to review basic radiation biology and associated terminology to impart a better understanding of the importance of basic concepts of ionizing radiation interactions with living tissue. Non – Ionizing Radiation. Various types of radiation exposure are of concern, including acute (short duration) exposure to high-energy fields, which have been extensively studied. nuclear applications in medicine, industry, agriculture and research. Therapeutic Uses of Ionizing Radiation. ... a balance between utilizing the benefits from medical uses of ionizing radiation and minimizing the risk of radiation effects on patients, workers and members of the public. So again, this overlaps a lot with nuclear medicine. Radiation can be described as being one of two basic types: non ionizing and ionizing. The Dosimetry of Ionizing Radiation, Volume II, attempts to fill the need for updated reference material on the field of radiation dosimetry. Sources of ionizing radiation. Although scientists have only known about radiation since the 1890s, they have developed a wide variety of uses for this natural force. Sources and effects of ionizing radiation. Uses of ionizing radiation and medical-care-related problems. Google Scholar; 12 United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation. However, gamma irradiators are difficult to replace, especially for non-uniform and high-density products. Those effects causing energy loss of the radiation with sequential effects of absorption or attenuation are presented. New York, NY: United Nations, 1988. Up until the end of the 19th century, background radiation was the only kind around. Types of radiation Ionizing radiation is produced by radioactive decay, nuclear fission and nuclear fusion, by extremely hot objects (the hot sun, e.g., produces ultraviolet), and by particle accelerators that may produce, e.g., fast electrons or protons or bremsstrahlung or synchrotron radiation.. Subsequent chapters form the core of the book, focusing on the practice of radiation protection in different medical disciplines. Radiation oncology is the treatment of diseases, including cancers, using ionizing radiation. 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