Because plants are rarely sexed, plant at least three for cross-pollination and berry production. Photo used by permission: Ellen Sousa/THBFarm.com. A perennial herb that is native to Europe and Western Asia, it can grow up to 5 feet with clusters of four-petaled white flowers. You don’t need to live in wetlands to grow elderberry, but it does best in a moisture-retentive soil in mostly sun. As opposed to Annuals which live only 1 season, perennials come back year after year, some for more than 10 or 15 years - and even a hundred years like peonies! These skilled Native American farmers knew how to get the most out of the poor coastal soil and taught the Pilgrims to do the same. A common flowering shrub of wetlands, elderberry blooms in white frothy clusters in early summer, providing important nectar for native bees and beneficial predatory insects. Native Plants. Hobblebush blooms in the April woods at Buck Hill Conservation Area, Spencer, MA. Corn, Ornamental and Popcorn. Spinach choices include smooth-leaf and savoy. A rapid growing tree species, American Elms may be 50 feet tall in only 20 years. Interesting fragrant, reddish-brown, pea-like flowers produced in late summer are a reminder that this plant is in the bean family. MCC ©2020 Grow Native Massachusetts. While the bark of sassafras roots has a familiar “root beer” aroma that has a long history of usage as a flavoring for drinks, confections, and medicines, the Food and Drug Administration warns that an essential oil in the root bark (Safrole) might be carcinogenic in large amounts. Note on Viburnums: An invasive foreign insect called the Viburnum Leaf Beetle (VLB) has been ravaging native Viburnum along the east coast in the last few decades. Wild Raisin grows in most soils with adequate moisture in sun or light shade. 14 Iconic Foods In Massachusetts That Will Have Your Mouth Watering. The so-called “soft” Oak species (White oak and other species with rounded-lobed leaves) tend to have lower levels of tannic acid, which means they need less processing. In northern Massachusetts, this may not be until mid-May, while you may plant corn seeds in the southern part of Massachusetts in late April. Nannyberry is a little more tolerant of dry soils than its cousins the Hobblebush and Wild Raisin. Massachusetts Reports 5,356 New COVID Cases, ... than something plucked fresh from the garden. Easy to grow from acorns pushed into the soil, an oak grown from local seed will very quickly begin to support a huge variety of co-evolved native herbivorous and predatory insects – essential food for many woodland bird species. Fall foliage is a beautiful orangey-red, and the large red fruit clusters persist well into winter, providing winter color and a valuable food source for overwintering birds. The fragrant, white, spring flowers feed hungry bumble bees, and the fruits (which ripen in late August and early September) make a nice tart jelly. You can plant snap peas, the most popular pea crop grown in Massachusetts, as soon as the soil is tillable. Potatoes grow especially well in Massachusetts, surviving in a wide range of soils. And, in a rapidly destabilizing world and economy, it’s worth identifying them and protecting them (from the mower or deer that might devour them first, or from invasive plants that might crowd them out). First, these plants are better adapted to soils, moisture and weather than exotic plants that evolved in other parts of the world. The fiery fall color on attractive, tri-lobed- leaves is a plant tactic to attract the attention of migrating birds to its dark berries. New England beekeepers value sassafras for the quality of the honey produced from it. A small shrub, New Jersey Tea is well-suited for lean, well-drained acidic soil in full sun. Wintergreen is a low evergreen plant with showy (and edible) red berries that persist through winter. Grow Native Massachusetts 240 Beaver Street, Waltham, Massachusetts 02452 781-790-8921 | info@grownativemass.org. All beans grow well in Massachusetts except lima beans. Pignuts are not as tasty as shagbark, hence its name; colonists considered them worthy to feed only livestock. Both sweet corn and ornamental corn grows well in the soil. Zones 4-9. Staghorn sumac is quick-growing and can be effectively used as an island in a lawn for screening and bird habitat, but take into account its eventual height (25′). Nannyberry produces tasty fruit. The 2020-2021 New England Vegetable Management Guide is also available in print and may be ordered online or from any of the New England Extension state publication offices. It typically invades higher-elevation parts of coastal wetlands. Carrots, as a cool-season crop, do well. Corn is one of the major vegetables grown in Massachusetts and throughout New England. This is not a good long-term option for an area close to structures. Able to fix its own nitrogen, groundnut seems capable of growing almost anywhere. When you purchase a copy of the Guide you can also … Planting calendars for places in Massachusetts. What Is a Weed? However the clinic is not being staffed regular hours and questions should be submitted by email to gardeners@barnstablecounty.org. Site … All Rights Reserved. The Romans grew them and they were a popular vegetable in the Middle Ages. Foods like cornbread , turkey , cranberry , blueberry , hominy and mush are known to have been adopted into the cuisine of the United States from Native American groups. Acorns are edible by people, too, although the tannic acid needs to be leached out (typically by boiling in repeated changes of water) to render them palatable. Massachusetts has a diverse climate and so the vegetables you choose to grow there may vary depending on where you live. Sassafras is the other. This familiar spring-blooming New England shrub thrives among sand dunes, but as long as you have well-drained soil and a sunny area, you can grow beach plum just about anywhere. Carrots, as a cool-season crop, do well. He also serves as the Rivers Advocate for the Division of Ecological Restoration of the Massachusetts Department of Fish and Game. Photo used by permission: Ellen Sousa/THBFarm.com. Quick to grow when young, if well-sited, an oak tree will be loved and admired by your grandchildren’s children. Garden … Photo: Russ Cohen. Use beach plums to make a tart jelly. Native Maine Produce & Specialty Foods is a leading, locally operated wholesale food distributor in Westbrook, Maine serving businesses throughout Maine, New Hampshire and Massachusetts with delivery of fresh produce, dairy, meats and specialty foods.