Summary. 93  Cf. ———. Turin: University of Turin. based in the UK, in Tibet, Nepal and Italy, but it has also been achievable thanks to the starting idea of Gene Smith and the reaserch undertaken by Franz-Karl Ehrhard. This shift, which revolutionized all forms of learning, was particularly important for historical scholarship. 2012. Defining the initial shift--3. Prints from gNas produced in the 16th century exhibit different features in comparison to xylographs produced at the same time in other printing houses in the Gung thang area. Everding, Karl-Heinz. 96  Cf. FGT 709/2 = Chos rgyal lhun grub. On this work, see also Clemente 2007, 125, 142–43; De Rossi Filibeck 2003, 330; Diemberger and Clemente 2013, 135. FGT 286/1; NGMPP L755/4–L756/1, L211/2. Zhus lan nor bu’i phreng ba lha chos bdun ldan gyi bla ma brgyud pa rnams kyi rnam thar. 91  Cf. Proceedings of a Seminar held in Lumbini, Nepal, March 2000. The second printing house to mention in order of productivity is rDzong dkar/Khyung rdzong dkar po, located in the royal palace of the Gung thang capital. technology. Eds. NGMPP, L66/5. 2005. Microfilm kept at the National Archives, Kathmandu (ff. (in press). B. J. 2016. At the time of its introduction it indeed offered great advantages for several reasons. ’Bras bu’i skabs rnam par bzhag pa (1514–21, Mahāmudrā, bo dong pa).63 5. 1a–9a). FGT 361/2; TBRC: W00KG09688. 1998. On this work, see Clemente 2007, 124, 130–32; Clemente 2009; Clemente 2014b; De Rossi Filibeck 2003, 331; Diemberger and Clemente 2013. Phyag rgya chen po yi ge bzhi pa’i sa bcad sbas don gsal ba’i nyi ma (not before 1525 not after 1557, mahāmudrā’s manual, bka’ brgyud pa).42 7. rJe ras chung pa’i rnam thar mdor bsdus (1538, biography, bka’ brgyud pa);43 8. sTon pa sangs rgyas kyi skyes rabs brgyad bcu pa slob dpon dpa’ bos mdzad pa bzhugs (1541 or 1553, Jātakamālā).44 9. Oct. 8, 1990. NGMPP L194/13 = bSod nams dpal. 1a–16a). Microfilm kept at the National Archives, Kathmandu (ff. FGT 706 = lHa btsun Rin chen rnam rgyal (1473–1557). Oslo: The Institute for Comparative Research in Human Culture. Thinking about the number of printing houses located all over the country, we cannot really support the theory that each of them used to print only few copies of a work. FGT 707. Edition und Übersetzung. The Unacknowledged Revolution Author: Shannon E. Duffy Subject: H-Net Review #4277 Keywords: Influence, Printing, Reformation, Renaissance, Technology and … 32; U rgyan rDo rje 1976, 37–83. Several times during The Square, Jehane Noujaim's account of Egypt's unfinished revolution, the camera gazes down on Tahrir Square, teeming … Mark Elliott, and Hildegard Diemberger, and Michela Clemente, 103–04. NGMPP L581/4 = ’Gro ba’i mgon po gtsang pa rgya ras kyi mgur ’bum rgyas pa. Microfilm kept at the National Archives, Kathmandu (ff. Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection. 2000a. yang sman rgyud yan lag brgyad pa ma ṇi bka’ ’bum o rgyan gyi thang yig mi la’i bka’ ’bum rnams legs baṃ grangs med spel ba’i phyir par in Everding 2000, 138–39. Grub thob gling ras kyi rnam mgur mthong ba don ldan (not before 1525 not after 1557, biography with songs, bka’ brgyud pa).37 2. Centre d’Études Tibétaines. (in press b). Y1 - 2016. Eds. 28. 1a–165a). Ed. The relevance of Shel dkar in the printing history is already well known and it seems that further xylographs from that area are surfacing now, but, this is something currently under investigation.23 Both prints identified so far were produced at the beginning of the 15th century so that we may guess that this was one of the first printing houses established in Tibet and a seminal place for the spread of printing, especially for projects associated with the bo dong pa tradition. On this work, see also Clemente (in press c); Diemberger and Clemente 2013, 135; Eimer 2010; Eimer and Tsering 1990, 71–72; Roesler 2000, 227–29; Schaeffer 2009, 62; Schaeffer 2011, 470; Sernesi 2011a, 184, 188–89, 200, 225–26. Disclosure Project founder Dr. Steven M. Greer offers evidence of extraterrestrial contact, including top-secret testimonials, documents and never-before-seen UFO footage. Oslo: Novus Forlag. Check out this great listen on Audible.com. 7) Shel dkar 1. 1a–150a). List of identified xylographs (under the name of the printing house in which they were produced) with information on dating, literary genre and religious school: 1) Brag dkar rta so 1. FGT 671/7; NGMPP L195/12. On this work, see also Clemente (in press c); De Rossi Filibeck 2003, 335; Ehrhard 2000a, 130–41. sGra bsgyur mar pa lo tstsha’i mgur ’bum. printing projects and the impact that xylography had on Tibetan society by presenting some reflections elicited by the study of blockprints and the mapping of the workshops where they were produced. This section is not quoted in the catalogue of the Tucci Tibetan Collection. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 60  Cf. 43  Cf. NGMPP L189/4. Jo bo yab sras kyi gsung bgros pha chos rin po che’i gter mdzod / byang chub sems dpa’i nor bu’i phreng ba rtsa ’grel sogs. NGMPP AT61/21[2], L189/3; NAK 754 no. The colophon is provided in Ehrhard 2000a, 165–70. 1a–18a). NGMPP L194/13, L970/3, E2518/5, E693/4 (it is difficult to read); U rgyan rDo rje 1976, 1–35. (in press a). yul Gung thang and in the neighbouring areas, and similar enterprises were. 5) Chab rom phug (near the village of Rud, further south of Kun gsal sGang po 2009. ’Brom ston pa rgyal ba’i ’byung gnas kyi skyes rans bka’ gdams bu chos le’u nyi shu pa. Xylograph kept in the Tucci Tibetan Collection, IsIAO Library, Rome (ff. Because historians are usually eager to investigate major changes and this change transformed the conditions of their own craft, one would expect the shift to attract some attention from the profession as a whole. Xylograph kept in the Tucci Tibetan Collection, IsIAO Library, Rome, (ff. 25  See Ehrhard 2012, 149. 26  See for example the history of the Maṇi bka’ ’bum, the Padma thang yig, the rGyud bzhi (Ehrhard 2000a, 14–15). 70  Cf. So far I have identified twenty-three xylographs printed there, which range from 1525 to 1563. TBRC = Tibetan Buddhist Resource Centre available at www.tbrc.org. 90  Cf. ———. Charles Ramble and Jill Sudbury, 149–76. 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